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Chapter 10


Old Settlers-Settlers In the Township and City In 1844-Salt River Tigers-From the Industrial World - Mexico - First Business Men - Biographical sketch of John B. Morris and Resolutions of Audrain County Bar-Business Men, Continued- Report of Sale of Lots-Lots Reserved-Additions to Mexico-City, when Incorporated - First Difficulty - Mayors of Mexico - Banks and Bankers - Secret Orders - Mexico Hospital - Audrain County Medical Society - Fires - Mexico Fire Company - Public Schools of Mexico - Directors - Pay roll of Teachers and Janitor- Report of Superintendent of the Graded Schools of Mexico - Mexico Mills - Telephone Company - From the Industrial World - 1874 - Review of Business-Business of 1881-Business Directory

John Strahan was the son of Robert Strahan and Nancy Scott, of county Down, Ireland. When John was three years old, his mother died, and in 1812 his father came to America, bringing his son with him, and settled in Beaver county, Pa. His brother William and sister Nancy also came with them.  John lost his father when he was only eleven years old, at which time he was bound out to learn the carpenter’s trade. But that trade did not suit him, and he left the man he was bound to and learned the boot and shoe business. He also procured books and acquired such an education as he could by his own efforts. He was naturalized in 1824, and settled in Lincoln county, Ky., in 1832, where he married Celia Canterbury, by whom he had four sons and four daughters. He came to Missouri in 1841, and settled first in Platte county, but removed from there to Audrain county in 1844. In 1849 he went to California, and during his absence his wife died. He returned home in 1854, and married Cynthia Eubank. he was elected justice of the peace in 1846, but resigned his office when he went to California. He was reelected upon his return, and continued to hold the office for many years. He has been a great friend of public improvements, and when the North Missouri Railroad was built he subscribed largely to the capital stock, saying that if he could not pay his railroad tax when it was due, he would take his spade and work it out. The Esquire is now living on his farm in Audrain County, and is a worthy and respectable citizen.

Mr. Russell, of North Carolina, was a soldier of the Revolutionary War. He married in North Carolina, and settled in Campbell county, Va. His children were Mark, Henry, Daniel and Louis. Daniel married Lucy Lane, and settled in Carroll county, Mo., in 1836.  Louis married Jane Davidson, and they had Frank, David, William, Eliza, Henry, John and three others. Mr. Russell lived for many years on the Ohio river in West Virginia, and made regular trips to New Orleans with flat boats. He settled in Audrain County in 1835, and died in 1872, in the 84th year of his age.

Barnard Spencer and his wife, Mary Hampton, of Gallatin county, Ky., had Preston H., Sarah A., Joseph D., James H, Eliza, Rosa, Susannah, Henry H. and Barnard H. Joseph D. married Elizabeth Bishop, and settled in Audrain county in 1839. Barnard H., Eliza and Susannah also settled in Audrain county. Henry H. was married twice, and settled in Audrain county.

George Rose and his wife, of Germany, had three children -Louis, Martin and Matthias. Louis was colonel of a regiment in the battle of Blue Licks, Ky., and was captured and taken to Detroit where he was exchanged, and returned home in August, 1783. Matthias married Nancy Hickman, of Loudoun county, Vs., and settled in St. Louis county, Mo., in 1818. His children were Louis, Elga H., Rolley F., Elizabeth, Sarah and Angeline. Louis married Elizabeth Massey, and they had one soil, Frank E.

Elga H., better known as Judge Rose, lives in Mexico, Mo. He married Ellen B. Sullivan, and they had Matthias D. and Lucy E. Rolley F. was married first to Mary Clark, by whom he had Louis, William, Franklin and Nancy. He was married the second time to Adeline DeHare, a French lady. Elizabeth married James McClure.  Sarah married Nicholas S.. Burckhardt, Angeline married Benjamin D. Ray.

Robert Mansfield and Mourning Clark, his wife, of Virginia, had William H., James W., Thomas M., Robert C., Joseph, Mildred, Elizabeth, Nancy H., Mary, Sarah and Susannah. William H., James W. and Joseph were Baptist preachers. Thomas M. was a Methodist preacher and Robert C. was a Presbyterian preacher. The latter settled in Audrain county in 1836, and he and Mr. J. H. Smith entered the land on which the city of Mexico now stands. Robert C. Mans­field married Elizabeth S. Beatty, and they had Malinda, Mary, William, Edward, Charles and Lelia. Mildred, Elizabeth, Nancy H. and Sarah, daughters of Robert Mansfield, Sr., remained in Virginia. Mary married and settled in Illinois; Susannah married and settled in Monroe county, Missouri.

Daniel McIntire and his wife, who was a Miss Weaver, were natives of Virginia, but removed to Kentucky, and settled near Lexington. They had Charles W., Roland, Duskin, William, Catherine, Frances, Jane and Elizabeth. Charles W. settled in Callaway county, Missouri, in 1819, and in Audrain in 1836. He was married in July, 1829, to Margaret Harrison, of Callaway county, and they had Donald, Thomas, William, Eliza, Cynthia and Nancy. Mr. McIntire was very fond of a joke, and never let an opportunity pass to indulge in one but he got badly sold on a certain occasion. The people of Callaway county had been taunting the citizens of Audrain, and saying they had no money, and in order to convince them that there was some money in Audrain, he gave a man a $20 gold piece, and told him to go into Callaway and show it to everybody he could see, and tell them it was from Audrain. The fellow took the money and departed, and is doubtless around yet, as he never returned it to its owner. On another occasion Mr. McIntire endeavored to borrow the entire revenue of the county from the sheriff, who was conveying it to Jefferson City. It consisted of $32 in money and six wolf scalps. Roland McIntire was born in Fleming county, Ky., in 1800. Ho married Maria Hunter, of Ohio, and settled in Audrain county, Mo., in 1831. He hewed the logs to build his house, and while they were lying in the woods some Indians set the woods on fire, and the logs were burnt black, rendering them unfit, in that con­dition, for use. Mr. McIntire and a party of his neighbors pursued the Indians, and caught and whipped them, to teach them not to do so another time. He then hewed his logs again and built his house. He had eight children - Roland, Jr., Marvin, Amanda, Laura, Mary, Fleming, Catherine and Redmon. Duskin and William McIntire remained in Kentucky. Catherine married Lewis Day, who settled in Audrain county in 1830. The widow of Frank McIntire lives in Ful­ton, Mo. Jane married James McClannahan, of Callaway county. Elizabeth married Wiley Reynolds, of the same county.

William Murray, of Georgia, had five children - Nancy, Timothy, William, Douglas and Samuel. The latter volunteered as a soldier in the War of 1812, when he was only seventeen years of age. After he was grown he married Mary A. Binns, and settled in Audrain county, Mo., where ho died in 1861, in the 65th year of his age, leaving a widow and five children.

Drury Mayes, of Ireland, settled in Halifax county, Va. His children were Drury, William, Gardner and Beverly. Drury married Nancy Douglass, who had seven brothers in the American army during the Revolutionary War. They settled first in Tennessee, and removed from there to Kentucky, where Mr. Mayes died in 1828. He had six children, and his widow and five of the children settled in Boone county, Missouri, in 1832. The names of the children were Sally, Drury D., Nancy, Beverly S. and William M.  Sally married Marion Pate, who settled in Audrain county in 1835. Drury married Mary A. Barnes, and settled in Audrain county in 1833. Nancy married Hiram G. Miller, who also settled in Audrain county. Beverly S. was married first to Martha Ridgeway, and settled in Audrain county in 1833. He was married the second time to Emelia E. Bladus. William M. married Elizabeth H. Barnes, and settled in Audrain county in 1834.

Rev. William M. Jesse, of Cumberland county, Va., was an Old School Baptist preacher. He married Polly A. Parker, and they had sixteen children John P., Isham T., Mary A., Susan, Sally 0., William J., Jesse S., Royal A., Paulina E., Cyrus S., Maria H., Alexander and James M., several of whom died in childhood. John P., Isham T., William J. and Royal A. are all Baptist preachers, and live in Audrain county.

Jonathan Kilgore, of Ireland, emigrated to America and settled in South Carolina. He removed from there to Caldwell county, Ky., where he and his wife both died, the latter being 81 years of age at the time of her death. Their children were John, David, William, Hugh, Jane, Samuel, Mary and Jonathan. John and Hugh came to Missouri, the former in 1827 and the latter in 1837. John was mar­ried first to Polly Willingham, and they had, John, Samuel, Polly, Jane, Elizabeth, Nancy and Margaret. He was married the second time to Phoebe Tart, of North Carolina, by whom he had Permelia, Amaretta, Lucinda, ,James B., Erretta, Nathan F. and Parthena. Nathan F. married Margaret J. Eller. Permelia married John H. Kilgore. Amaretta married Alfred Powell. Hugh, brother of John Kilgore, Sr., married Phoebe Bowlin, and they had several children, all of whom are dead. John Hampton, Casana and Isabella, children of David Kilgore, of Caldwell county, Ky., settled in Missouri. John Hampton settled in Audrain county in 1830, and married Margaret Willingham, who died, and he afterward married Permelia Kilgore. He had eighteen children in all. Casana married Isham Kilgore, who settled in Boone county in 1826, and in Audrain in 1827. They had six sons and six daughters. Isabella married William Wood, why settled in Callaway county in 1837, and in Audrain in 1838. Theo had two sons and four daughters.

The parents of George and Jane McDonald were murdered by the Indians in the early settlement of Virginia. George and his sister were in the lot, playing in a horse trough, when the attack was made. They lay down in the trough and were not discovered by the savages, but both of their parents, who were in the house, were murdered. When George was grown he married Mary Murdock, of Ireland, and they had John, Peter, Thomas, James, William, Elizabeth and Ann. In 1795 they settled in Nicholas county, Ky., where Mr. McDonald died, and his widow removed with her son William to Illinois, where she died. Thomas McDonald married the Widow Gray, whose maiden name was Sarah Franklin, and settled in Missouri in 1831. They had Malinda, William H., Zerelda, Arthur, Margaret, George, Elizabeth, Amanda and Nancy, all of whom, except Zerelda, settled in Missouri.

John McClure, of Scotland, settled in Virginia, and afterward removed to Clark county, Kentucky. He had John, Andrew, Samuel, and two daughters. John married Polly Redmon, and settled in Missouri in 1832. They had John, William, Louisa, Polly A., Lu­cinda, Sally, Mary and Margaret. Samuel McClure married Emily Brown, and settled in Missouri in 1831. They had James, David, John, Joseph, Clay, Elizabeth Mary and Sallie.

Loyd McIntosh, of Logan county, Kentucky, married Catharine Harper, by whom he had John, George L., Julia, Rachel and Jane. John married Elizabeth Gillum, and afterward his widow settled in Missouri. George L. married Sarah Harper, and settled in Missouri in 1838. Rachel married William McIntire, of Fulton, Callaway county.

Abraham Levaugh, of Woodford county, Kentucky, was of French descent. He had Rebecca, Sally, Jane, William Isaac, James and Elizabeth. William married Polly Murphy, of North Carolina, and settled in Montgomery county, Missouri, in 1823, and in 1832 he settled in Audrain county. He had but one child, a son, who married Elizabeth Hall, by whom he had three sons. He was married again to Minerva Jones, and they had three sons and one daughter. Mr. Levaugh was a partner of the first merchant in Mexico, Missouri.

James Lockridge was born in Virginia, but removed to and lived in Nicholas county, Kentucky. His children were James, Jr., Rob­ert, Andrew, William and John. James and John settled in Callaway county, Missouri, in 1828. The former married Lavinia Hail, and they had Margaret, Martha, James, Cynthia, Elihu, John, Eliz­abeth, Perlissa A., Robert and Melvina. John, son of James Lockridge, Sr., married Mahala Brown, and they had John, Nancy, Martha, James, William, Robert and Mary.

Samuel Mundy, of Albemarle county, Virginia, married Mildred Croswhite. Two of their sons, Logan and Isaac, settled in Missouri in 1846. Isaac afterward removed to California, where he died. Logan married Lucinda Creed, and lives in Audrain county. He came to Missouri poor, but has prospered and is now possessed of a goodly supply of worldly effects.

John C. Martin, of Lincoln county, North Carolina, married Phoebe Allen, and settled in Audrain county, Missouri, in 1830. They had Allen, Thomas, Rufus, Robert, Nelson, Polly, Nancy, Elizabeth and Patsey. Mr. Martin was a devout Methodist, and held family prayers regularly, night and morning, but no one could understand his pray­ers, as he used language which he alone could interpret. One of his daughters married Henry Williams who, at the time, was so poor he could not pay the minister, but gave him an old spinning wheel for his trouble. Mr. Williams afterward represented the county in the Legislature.

Yosty Myers was of German descent, and lived in Maryland. His children were Louis, Jacob, John, Mike, Benjamin, Rebecca and Mary. Louis married Elizabeth McKay, of Virginia, and settled in Kentucky at a very early date. His children were Isaac M., Silas, William, Lewis, Elias B., Meredith, Harvey S., Abishai M., Mary A., Elizabeth, Sally and Rebecca. Meredith married Nancy P. Jen­nings, a daughter of Gen. William Jennings, of the War of 1812, and settled in Audrain county, Missouri, where his wife died. He af­terward married Emeline Blue. By his first wife he had two sons and four daughters. Louis Myers came to Missouri and bought land, intending to remove his family here, but he died on his way back to Kentucky.. His family came to Missouri after his death.

John Eubank, of England, came to America and settled in the State of Maryland. His children were George, John, Thomas, Richard, William, Mary, Lamar and Sophia. George married Re­becca Heringdon, of Maryland, and they had David, Martha, George, Polly, Ellen, Rebecca and Rhoda. David was a soldier of the War of 1812, and when the war was over he removed with his father to Kentucky, and from thence to Ohio. He subsequently re­turned to Kentucky and married Anna Wyatt, and settled in Audrain county, Missouri, in 1837. His children were Cynthia, Julia, Lina, George, Rebecca, Jonathan, David, Boyd and Ambrose.

Jacob, Joseph and Daniel Eller were born and raised in Maryland.  Jacob married Margaret Willard, and they had Philip, George, Daniel, John, Sally, Susan, Margaret, Jacob, Jr., and Elms.  Jacob, Jr., married Elizabeth Grimes, and settled in Callaway county, Missouri, in 1837.  His children were Warner, Willard, John T., Ann

M., Martha and Elizabeth.  Elias Eller settled in Audrain county in 1838. He married Mary Standerford of Virginia, and they had Abraham, Lizzie, Eleanor H., Margaret J., Mary A., Susan V., George E., Rachel and Joseph.

John Gilmer and Margaret Berry, his wife, settled in Mercer county, Kentucky. They had Joseph, James, William Alexander, Ann and Jane. James was the only one who came to Missouri. He married Nancy Wilson, and settled in Monroe county in 1831, and in Audrain in 1842. His children were Mary A., Margaret L., Eliza J., Sallie A., Harriet M., Emma C. and John J.

Thomas Hook and Sally Long, his wife, were natives of Maryland. They removed first to Kentucky, and from there to Missouri in 1828. Their children were Elizabeth, William, James, Samuel, Thomas, Patsey, Polly, Nancy and Matilda. James married Cynthia Summit, and settled in Boone county, Missouri, in 1826. Samuel married Mary Simms, and settled in Boone county in 1828. He died in 1829, and his widow married Thomas Hook, who died in 1850. The first husband’s children were Martha, Mary and Samuel T., and the children of the second were Graham, Robert S., Lucullus, William H., Joseph and Martha E.

James Cauthorn, of England, came to America, and settled in Virginia.  He had but one child, a son named Charles, who served seven years in the American army during the Revolutionary War. He was married first to Elizabeth Williams, and they had one son, whom they named Asa, and who was a. soldier in the War of 1812. After the death of his first wife, Mr. Cauthorn married Mary San­ders, of Virginia, and they had seven sons and three daughters. Their names were Asa, Jr., David, Paul, Silas, Richard, Stephen, Celia W., Elizabeth and Martha. David and Paul married and settled in Andrew county, Mo. Peter married the widow of George Eubanks, and settled in Andrew county in 1885. Silas married Mary Jerman, and settled in Audrain county in 1835. Richard and Ste­phen and their three sisters settled in Indiana. Peter and Patti Cauthorn were twins, and very devoted to each other. They married widows of the same name (Eubanks), but who were not related in any way, and the brothers each had one daughter, which were of the same age.

Jonathan and Delilah Cunningham were natives of the State of Massachusetts. They had a son named Elliott P., who came to Mis­souri in 1840, and settled in Audrain county. He obtained the con­tract for building the State University at Columbia, and was after­ward elected a member of the county court of Audrain county. He married Cynthia Slocum, and they had Ellen, Clara, Russell S., Earle C. and Emmett R., all of whom live in Audrain county.

Hezekiah I. M. Doan, of Harrison county, Ky., married Matilda Berry, and removed to Boone county, Mo., in 1827, from whence they removed to Audrain county in 1831. Mr. Doan was appointed one of the first judges of the county court of that county, and was justice of the peace for many years.

Edward Dingle, of Maryland, settled in Scott county, Ky., where he married and had seven children. Three of them, Richard, Winder C. and Julia, settled in Marion county, Mo. Mr. Dingle settled in Audrain county in 1840. He was married the second time to Frances Sallee, of Virginia, by whom he had Samuel, Carter B., William S., John G., Polly S., Nancy C. and Mary A. Samuel was killed in Mexico, and left a widow and five children. Mary A. married Taswell Johnson. Carter B. married Nancy Ward, and died leaving a widow and three children. William S. Dingle died in his youth. Polly S. married Kinzey Hardister, and she is now a widow in California. Nancy C. married a Mr. Landrum.

Hugh Crockett, of Virginia, was a colonel in the Revolutionary War, and was distinguished for gallantry. He married Rebecca Lorton, and they had Samuel, Walter, Robert, Hugh, Nancy, Jane Mary and Rebecca. Samuel married Margaret Rayborn, of Virginia by whom he had Hugh, Rebecca, James, Joseph, Jane, William, Margaret, Walter, John D., Robert and Randall. Mr. Crockett removed first to Williamson county, Tennessee, where he lived nine years, and then came to Missouri, and settled in Boone county. His eldest son, Hugh, now resides in Audrain county. He has been mar­ried three times; first to Mary A. Wright, second to Rhoda B. Fin­ley, and third to the widow Turner, whose maiden name was Nancy Price. Rebecca married Judge James Harrison, of Audrain county. Jamie married John B. Morrow, and Margaret married James G. Morrow. Joseph married Nancy Kright, and settled in Audrain county in 1840. John married Mary Pool, and settled in that county the same year. The members of the Crockett family are a jovial class of people, noted for their wit and humor and cheerful disposi­tions. They also love the sport of hunting.

Robert Calhoun, of Virginia, settled in Audrain county, Missouri, in 1838. He married Elizabeth Bright, a sister of Judge Michael Bright, of Callaway county, and they had Austin, Sarah, Margaret, Virginia, Samuel and William. Mr. Calhoun was an industrious, energetic man, kind and affectionate in his family, and highly respected by his neighbors. Like all the early settlers, he was fond of hunting, and was one of the best marksmen in the county.

Richard Cauthorn, of Essex county, Virginia, was a school-teacher and silversmith. He married a Miss Fisher, by whom he had Vinson, James. Reuben, Leroy, Godfrey, Amos and Patsey. James married Leah Allen, and they had Allen, Carter, James, Jr., Ross, Alfred, Nancy, Henrietta and Frances.. Allen settled in Audrain county, Missouri, and married Elizabeth Harmon. At his death he left two sons and two daughters. Carter married Elizabeth Calvin, and settled in Audrain county in 1835. They had eleven sons and two daughters. James, Jr., married Frances Calvin, and settled in Audrain county in 1835. They had four sons and live daughters. Ross, Nancy and Henrietta lived and died in Virginia. Alfred married Emily Brooks, mind settled in Audrain county. They had seven sons and five daughters. Frances married William Garrett., who settled in Mexico, Missouri. They had three sons and three daughters.

John Charlton, of Ireland, came to America and settled in Monroe county, Virginia. His children were Joseph, Thomas, John, Isa­bella, Ella, Letitia and Polly, all of whom, except John, lived and died in Virginia. John was a soldier of the Ware of 1812. He married Isabella Humphreys, and came to Missouri in 1820. The journey was made on a flat-boat as far as Shawneetown, Illinois, where they disembarked and came by land to St. Charles county. They settled first on Dardenne prairie, and removed from there to Audrain county in 1830. Mr. Charlton built the first hewed log house in that county, and had to go 25 miles to get hands to assist in raising it.

James Beatty was born in Maryland in 1742. He married Elizabeth Ramer, whose father fled from Germany to avoid religious persecution by Charles V. Mr. Beatty settled in Fayette county, Kentucky among the first white people who sought homes in that State, and he experienced all the dangers and trials of the long and bloody Indian war that followed. After the return of peace, he gave his assistance to the development of the country, and was one of the party who opened the first road to Ohio. His children were Mary, Michael, James E., Lydia, Edward, Jonathan, Anti, Ruth, Amy and Barbara. James E. married and lived in Mobile, Alabama. Edward married Malinda Price, by whom he had Janice E., John P., Elizabeth S., and William. He was married the. second time to Anna S. Smith, and they had Joseph and Martha J. He was married the third time to Eliza J. Holmes, but they had no children. Mr. Beatty settled in Audrain county in 1837. John P. Beatty married Elizabeth J. Clarke, and they had Edward H., John W., Lycurgus, Mary E., Leonidas, Helen S., Lawrence, James and Oliver, all of whom live in Missouri.

John Barnett, of England, had a son named Hutchins, who married Polly Matthews, of Virginia, and settled in Boone county, Missouri, in 1820. Their children were John W., Thomas M., Jane W., Mil­dred A and Sarah R. John W. married Arretta Willingham in 1822, and settled in Audrain county in 1831. They had Sarah J., Mary  M., Mildred A., Martha E., William J., Napoleon B., Sanders, Hutchins, Athanasis, John W., Thomas and Jesse E. Thomas, son of Hutchins Barnett, Sr., settled in Audrain county in 1831. He never married. He possesses a remarkable memory, and can relate past events with great accuracy.  Sarah R., daughter of Hutchins Barnett, Sr., married Daniel Ellington, of Boone county, Missouri.

Thomas R. Cardwell, of England, came to America and settled in Richmond, Virginia.  His children were John, Perrin and George. John married Keziah Low, and they had John, .Jr., Thomas, William, James, Wiltshire, George, Elizabeth, Nancy, Martha, Lucy and Mary. George, son of Thomas Cardwell, Sr., married Anna Hamilton, and they had John, Elizabeth, William, Keziah, Martha, Mary, George, Jr., Jane, Rebecca, Wyatt and James. George, Jr., married Ida Vansdoll, and settled in Missouri in 1832. Martha married William Shelley. Wyatt married May Woods and settled in Audrain county in 1834.  Jane married William Woods. William married Barbara Sanford and settled in Audrain county in 1837. He was married time second tune to Elizabeth Watts.

Jacob Helper was of German descent. He was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, but married and settled in Ohio, where his wife died. Their children were Obediah, John, Elizabeth and Anna. Mr. Helper was married the second time to Catharine Miller, of Ohio, by whom he had Joseph, Edward, William H., Mitchell, Rebecca, Eliza and Barbara. All of the children by his second wife settled in .Audrain county.

James Hall, of Nicholas county, Kentucky, had Elizabeth, Polly, Cynthia, Melvina, James, John, Henry, Elihu and Moses. John and Elihu came to Missouri in 1835. The former married Kitty Squires, and they had one son and ten daughters, viz.: Cynthia, Margaret, Mary, Amanda, Robert, Ruth, Liney, Mildred A., Judith A., Sally and Caroline. Elihu Hall married Susan Bradshaw, and settled in Callaway county, Missouri, in 1835, and in 1839 he settled in Audrain county. His children were William, Rebecca,  Elizabeth, Polly, Robert, John, David and James. James, David and Amanda died in Indiana. Mr. Hall died in 1850.

Stephen Pearson, of Burch county North Carolina, married Mary Potts, and they had two sons, John A. and Joseph, both of whom settled in Audrain county, where the city of Mexico now stands, in 1835. When the town was laid off the following year, Joseph donated three acres of land to help it along. John A. married Nancy Canton, of North Carolina, by whom he had Rufus S., Leander P., John V., Marshall C., Joseph W., Clinton P., Julia A., Mary E., Emily L. and Elizabeth L. He served eight years as a member of the county court, and was an esteemed and influential citizen.

Thomas Powell and Nancy Chancy, his wife, were natives of Maryland, but settled in Nicholas county, Kentucky, in 1796. They had eleven children, nine of whom lived to be grown: John, Charles, Jerry, Thomas, Isaac, William, Robert, Polly and Nancy. John, Isaac and Nancy settled in Indiana. Charles, Thomas and William lived in Kentucky. Polly married and she and her husband lived in Illinois. Robert was a soldier of the War of 1812, and became an early settler of Audrain county. He was married, first, to Celia Murphy, of Kentucky, by whom he had Alvin, Alfred, Monroe, Jefferson,. Jameson, Columbus, Jackson, Robert T., Julia A., Nancy and Grezella. Mr. Powell was married twice beside, his last wife being the widow Hunt.

Jackson Thomas was born and raised in Mercer county, Kentucky, but moved to Monroe county, Missouri, in 1834, and to Audrain county in 1838. He married Sarah D. McGee, and they had Ida C., James S., Mary J., Louisa A., Sarah E., Susan F., Martha E. and William J.

John Wayne, of Virginia, had a son named Temple, who was of a roving disposition and passionately fond of hunting. He settled in Audrain county, Missouri, in 1827, and killed six deer the first day he stopped there. During the hunting season no one killed more, deer and wolves than he did, and he lived for years entirely on wild game. He was never satisfied except when he was in the woods, where he spent nearly all of his time, night and day- Sunday being like any other day to him. He was married first to Lorinda Peyton, by whom he had William, Mary, Temple, Jr., Joseph, Lorinda, Jane and James. He  was married the second time to Elizabeth Gregg, and they had Lucy A., George, Elizabeth, Emily, Alfred, Franklin and Martha S.

Moses Wilson married Mary Russell, of Virginia, and settled in Boone county, Kentucky. They hind John H., Sarah, Martha, William, Elizabeth, Samuel, Susan and Chrine. John H. was a sol­dier in the War of 1812. He married Susan Simmons, and settled in Audrain county, Missouri, in 1834. They had Sally, Martha A., Esther, William W., Mary, Joseph R., Susan C. and Samuel M.

Cobb Williams was a native of Virginia, but settled in Lincoln county, N. C., where he married Patsey Brown. He settled in Audrain county,. Missouri, in 1830. His children were Polly, Pat­sey, Delilah, Granderson, Caleb, John, William L., Gideon and Absalom. John and Delilah died in North Carolina. Polly married John Allen. Patsey married John Kilgore. Granderson and Abraham live in Monroe county. Caleb is in California. William L. was married first to Cordelia Kilgore, and second to Mary E. Evans. Gideon married Elizabeth Gulley. Caleb Williams, Sr., died in 1832, and his funeral was the first preached in Audrain county. The services were conducted by Rev. Robert Younger, a Methodist minister of Boone county.

Franklin Armistead was a soldier of the War of 1812. He married Hannah Rice, of Virginia, and their children were William, Franklin, Jr., Hannah and Delpha. Franklin, Jr., married Martha Faulkner, and settled in Audrain county in 1833. They had Franklin W., Martha, Lucy, Mary, Joseph, John, Virginia, James and Eliza.

James Bybee, of England, came to America and settled in Clark county, Kentucky. His children were Alfred, James, Thomas, Louis, John and two daughters. Alfred and John came to Missouri. The former settled in Cass county, and the latter in Howard. John was married six times; first to Polly Adams, of Kentucky, by whom he had six children; second to Nancy Adams -two children; third to Mary Myers - one child; fourth to Mary Kyle - four children; fifth to Nannette Creed - nine children; sixth to the widow McGee. He had twenty-two children in all, he settled in Audrain county in 1833, and two of his sons, Martellus and John, are still living there. One of his daughters, Mrs. Bloom, a widow, also lives in that county. Martellus is a great wit and humorist. He was the principal witness for the defense in the celebrated Boggs breach of promise suit that came off in Mexico, Missouri, many years ago, and created a great deal of fun.

Samuel Watts, of Halifax county, Va., was born in England. He married Sally Burchett, and they had Rebecca, Daniel, Lizzie, Gillum, John, Roland, Joseph, Berry, Brackett and Sally. Roland married Polly Lane, and settled in Audrain county in 1833. Joseph was married first to Dorothea Corner of Virginia, and second to the widow of Henry Burnes, whose maiden name was Narcissa Johnson, daughter of Richard Johnson and Ann Withens, who came from Bourbon county, Ky., to Callaway county, Mo., in 1824.

Andrew Woods, of Mercer county, Ky., married Mary McGee, and they had John, James and William. John and James settled in Monroe county, Mo. William married Jane Cardwell, and settled in Audrain county in 1837. They had George A., David, James, William, Mary A., Joseph, John, Albert, Olivia, Martha J. and Susan.

The parents of Archibald Woods were Irish. He was married in Virginia, and removed to Kentucky during the early settlement of that State, where we was killed by the Indians during one of their attacks upon the fort where he and his family were staying. He left a widow and four children - William, Franklin, Nancy and Archibald. William was married in Kentucky, and settled in Missouri in 1820. Frank died unmarried in Boone county, Mo. Nancy mar­ried William Mullins, who settled in Howard county in 1820. Archi­bald married Fannie Hill, and settled in Callaway county in 1826.  His children were David H., Elizabeth, John, Nellie, Nancy and Patsey. David H. married Sarah Reynolds, and lives in Audrain county.

Joseph Slocum, of England, settled in North Carolina, where he married Mary Riley, and they had Riley, Nancy, Robert and Cynthia. Riley married the widow Potts, whose maiden name was Nancy Crockett, of Tennessee, and settled in Boone county, Mo., in 1819.  They had Nancy, Robert and Cynthia. Nancy, daughter of Riley Slocum, married Joseph M. Gray, and they had two children. Cynthia married Elliott P. Cunningham. Robert is a bachelor, and lives in Audrain county. Riley Slocum was married the second time to Annie Herring, by whom he had William, Alfred, Joseph, Susan, John C. and Amanda J. The first four died young. Amanda J. was married first to Charles V. McWilliams, and second to Oliver C. Cun­ningham. She had two children by her second husband, Charles and Price.

Isham Bradley, of Ireland, came to America and settled in Virginia. His wife was a Miss McGee, by whom he had John, Thomas and William.  John was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. He married Martha Mosbey, and they had David, Thomas, Edward, Isham, Nancy, Sally, Polly and Martha. David and Thomas were both soldiers in the War of 1812, the former serving in and near Norfolk, and the latter below Richmond.  Thomas became tired of the smell of gunpowder, and hired a substitute at $100 per day. He married Frankey Winler, and they had nine children. Mr. Bradley and family settled in Audrain county in 1838.

William West married a Miss Bybee, and removed from Virginia to North Carolina, and in 1800 he settled in East Tennessee. Mr. West was a soldier of the Revolutionary War, and while he was in the army his wife kept all the pewter  ware, of which she had quite an amount, buried to keep the soldiers from molding it into bullets. Their eldest son, Jolley H, married Nancy Williams, of North Carolina, by whom he had James, John, Emily, William, Elizabeth, Jeremiah J. and Louisa. After the death of Mr. West his widow came to Missouri with three of her children, Jeremiah J., William and Elizabeth, and settled in Audrain county in 1834. Mrs. West afterward married Elias Gilpin, who removed to Texas. William West married Polly Mullins, of Tennessee. Jeremiah J. married Jelpha Hatton, of Kentucky, by whom he had ten children, nearly all of whom are named for Methodist preachers. Louisa West married B. A. Frield, and died in 1856, leaving seven children.

The names of the old settlers that have not already been mentioned above, as residents of Salt River township at an early day, will be found below. The list embraces the names of all the men who voted at an election, held at the court-house in 1844, for President and Vice-Pres­ident of the United States. The entire township then, including Mexico, cast only 205 votes:  Isaac Black, J F. Miller, John McDonald, C. V. Williams, Presley Davis, Chas. McIntyre, R. R. Lee, W. L. Williams, Newton Berry, Henry W. DeJarnett, J. K. Malory, Edward Botey, John Green, Roland Watts, Thomas Kilgore, G. F. Muldrow, W. James, Reuben Pulis, Isaac Kelsow, Joseph Surber,  Joseph Hepler, Ca­leb Williams, Thomas Pate, Monrow Powell, J; F. McIntosh, J. P. P. Pearson, Isham Willingham, E. R. Daniel, John Lockridge, W. C. Bug, Wm. Eubank, W. P. Harrison, J. P. Beaty, Elijah Adams, Shelton Pear­son, M. Myers, William Joy, Granville Reed, G. W. Willingham, Thomas Buckley, Thomas Keyton, W. M. Sims, W. R. Sims, A. M. Turner, G. P. Williams, William Haynes, M. B. McMullen, Alfred Powell, T. B. Evans, William Sims, Thomas Takin, Joseph Brown, Thomas Brown, George Cardwell, L. F. Canterberry, John Creasey, G. F. Will­iams ,James Gilman, Wm. Stone, Henry Keyton, James Harrison, Rich­ard Dollins, Levi James, Peter Creasey, G. W. Wilson, J. G. Muldrow, Hugh Crocket, Thomas Moore, David Norton, Harvey McGee, Thomas Huddle, R. M. Canterberry, John Peery, John Gregg, David Hatton, Z. J. Ridgway, W. D. Harrison, J. B. Smith, A. Cauthorn, John Allen, Jones Glass, John Dobyns, William Keiser, Richmond Pearson, G. W. Willingham, Alfred Howe, C. H. Carter, Milton Hatton, James Cauthorn, W. W. Lee, Phillip Cline, Henry Shock, John Turner, Robert Calhoun, John Jessey, L. B. Watts, Thomas Bradley, Edmund Hatton,  William White, Arthur McDonald., Beauford Wilson, Cornelius Garner, J. W. Levaugh, T. T. Stone, John DeJarnett, Barnet Mc­Donald, Johnson Eubank, J. M. Price, W. W. Wilson, Solomon Shepherd, David Eubank, H. J. M. Doan, John Canterberry, Thomas Stricklin, Edward Vanhoy, Samuel Glass, Edward Bradley, Samuel Murry, W. B.. Evans, John Hasler, Elihu Hail, Temple Wayne, B. Z. Offitt, James Reed, Joseph Crocket, Isaac Johnson, Wm. Bradley, M. Davis, Henry Haynes, J. M. Dennis, J. W. Newkirk, John Watts, Elihu Lockridge, Samuel Campbell, James Lockridge, B. Canterberry, George Davidson, Thomas Jessey, Wm. Jones, Sr., John Fosset, B. F. Mayes, Elias Elor, Joel Haynes, Delong Witheringham, Thomas McDonald, Elijah Eubank, Augustus Damrell, R. McIntyre, J. W. Barnett, W. Wood, J. Smith, George Bomer, J. Kilgore, J. Goatley, Thomas Young, H. P. L. Shock, E. Goodnight, Thomas Hook, James Oslin, W. H. McDonald, George Myers, J. Gant, Stephen Martheny, S. Jameson, J. J. West, John Turner, David Woods, John Sterrett, James Cathren, R. L. Thompson, Thomas Gauf, Minor Pate, H. Goodnight, Thomas Brashears, Joseph Beaty, J. B, Morris, W. C. West, Lewis Day, J. H.. Fable, William Byrn, S. B. Murry, Joseph Watts, Benjamin Myers, Lewis Russell, Joseph Shepherd, William Pearson, William Cardwell, Richard Willingham, J. P. Cardwell, John Bradley, Jerry Shepherd, Thomas Martin, John Willingham, John Duckworth, Martin Oslin, Jackson Thomas, J. P. Clark, Richard Byrn, Archibald Gregg, Thomas Jack­son, William Brown ,Joseph DeJarnett, J. A. Pearson, Robert Powell, G. W Turley, William Rock, McArthur Baldwin.

Thomas Boyd came to Audrain county in 1830, from South Caro­lina. J. A. Y. Boyd, his son, now resides in Callaway county.


The name “ Salt River Tigers,” is said to have originated in this way: -

Just before the organization of Audrain county there was an election held during the month of August, 1836, in the counties surrounding the territory, which was afterwards called Audrain. A number of men who were, at the date mentioned, residing in this territory, and especially in that portion of it now known as Salt River township (so named after a small stream which enters it from the north-eastern part of the same), with Jack Willingham at their head, desired to vote, and not having a chance to exercise this prerogative at home, they went in a body to the neighboring county of Boone. Having arrived at the precinct, they attempted to vote  for the men of their choice, but the judges refused them the privilege, because they were not legitimate voters. The men, however, insisted upon what they conceived to be their right, and were so pertinacious, as well as imperative in their demand, that their votes were recorded.  After this was done, the parties mounted their horses and left for their homes. As they were riding away, one of the judges of the election remarked, “Ain’t those men tigers?” Hence the sobriquet “Salt River Tigers.”

We state the above incident upon the authority of John Greg, who has been a resident of Audrain county since 1830.

In 1831 an old fashioned horse mill was built by John C. Martin, one and a quarter miles north-west of Mexico. This was the pioneer mill of this part of the county, and although it was inadequate to the demand, it was kept busy many years, from early dawn until some­times late at night, grinding the small grists of corn which were ever in constant waiting.

About the year 1837, a man by the name of Caleb Williams erected a mill in the northern suburbs of Mexico. Williams now resides in California.


Mr. John Gregg says: About the year 1832, the few families that had located in what is now the southern part of Audrain county and the northern portion of Callaway county, concluded to build a school house. Matthew Scott, Temple Wayne, Thomas Boyd, Mrs. Jane Gregg, Ackley Day and Lewis Day were the parties who led off in this important enterprise, and by their united efforts a house of small round logs was constructed on the north-east corner of section 35, 2 township 50, range 9. It was covered with four-foot clapboards, and had a dirt floor. Linn logs, split open and hewn on one side, made the seats, and a piece hewn and laid on stout wooden pins or pegs, driven into augur-holes bored into one of the logs, constituted the writing bench. The teacher employed was Archibald Gregg. This was the first school taught within the present limits of Audrain county. The teacher was fond of his gun and dog. One day at noon (having his gun at the school-house), he went into the woods and killed a wild-cat. It was a great curiosity to the pupils. The first sermon ever preached in this settlement was delivered by Rev. Hoxie, a Presbyterian minister, who was at that time pastor of the Auxvasse church, in Callaway county. This was in the fall of 1832. About the same period, Rev. Robert A. Younger and Rev. Taze, of the M. E. church, commenced holding meetings at the house of Madison Dysart, which is now known as the Calhoun place, and located about eight miles south-west of Mexico.

Mr. Gregg says: It was often the case that the settlers lived for days at a time on the meat of wild game. In every family there was some one fond of hunting, and it was amusing to hear a hunter tell of his exploits. A Mr. Davis, who took much delight in hunting, told about his killing a large fine buck; said he saw the buck in a patch of hazel brush and he quietly crept up until he got within gun shot, when he shot and killed the buck, and continued with a signifi­cant shake of his head: “That buck don’t know to this day who killed him.” At an early day, there was a quarter race track, the course of which ran south, beginning about where Promenade street now is in Mexico. One day, at the race track, a difficulty occurred between two men. An officer, who happened to be present, commanded the parties in a loud voice to keep the peace, and then stepped up to one of the “would be combatants,” and said in a low voice: “But if he comes, John, d-n him, stretch him.”

In those days of the early settlements, we were obliged to pen our hogs and sheep every night to prevent the prowling wolf from killing them; large hogs could defend themselves. The wolves have often been known to catch and kill pigs and sheep in open day within a few hundred yards of the settlers’ cabins. We have often been asked the question why the first settlers all located at first in the timber near the creeks and streams. That was nothing more than natural; our reason was that nearly all the first settlers were comparatively poor people and did not have teams sufficient to break the prairie, as it took from three to four good yoke of oxen to draw the plow, and as the most of the settlers, came from timbered countries they knew nothing about prairie land; another reason is, they had to be near a creek or stream so as to have water. It appears that the nature of the prairie soil has undergone a great change for the better since the first settling of the county; it then appeared to be of a cold, wet, clammy nature, and did not have the same  productive quality. As the country became settled, and the prairies were grazed and tramped by stock, and its wild nature killed out, the productive qualities improved, and with the much improved agricultural implements, and the great improvement in the science of farming, there is now no land that excels in producing all kinds of grain, vegetables, and grasses the prairies of Audrain county.

From the Industrial World:-


is a city of 5,000 souls and the capital of the county. This brightest of all the towns of its class in Central and North Missouri has a charming location upon the crown of the “divide,” near the center of the county, at the junction of the three railways, and covers a group of fine commanding elevations, with pretty intervening valleys and ravines that give admirable natural drainage. It abounds in graceful slopes mind delightful natural groves, affording scores of elegant building sites, most of which command fine, half-rural exposures. The delightful suburban surroundings abound in the finest hues of grace and beauty. Beyond them, to the eastward, is Salt creek with its accompanying woodland and valley, while northward and south­ward roll long reaches of graceful, billowy prairie to the timber­fringed horizon. A dozen elegant suburban farms and homes, each with its retinue of beautiful orchards, vineyards, gardens, hedge-vows, groves and blue grass lawns, lend practical and esthetic interest to the situation. The city itself is regularly laid out and substantially built. The charming public square, like the streets and avenues, is platted with mechanical regularity on a scale that impresses the visi­tor with a sense of amplitude and leisure. Upwards of 80 of the mercantile, banking and hotel buildings surrounding and neighboring to the square, are solidly built of brick, stone and iron. The public and private architecture of the city is generally a decided improvement on that of the antique, old river towns, much of it indicating the good taste and culture of the builders. The court-house is one of the finest public buildings in North Missouri and cost $50,000.  The High School building cost $25,000, and with several of the churches and Hardin College indicates a high measure of public taste and enterprise. The Ringo and Commercial hotels, and a dozen of the newer business houses are built after modern and metro­politan styles, many of the later and finer residences also expressing the later tendency to effective style and elegance of finish. Among other characteristic features of this live and progressive city are the enterprising and influential daily and weekly newspapers, ten churches, three banks, two flouring mills, the woolen mills and several fine hotels. The fraternities are finely represented toe, by the two Masonic blue lodges, a chapter and commandery, an Odd Fellows’ lodge and encampment, flourishing lodges of the A. O. U. W., Knights of Honor and Sons of Temperance.

The social order of the city is rational and enjoyable. Here, as in the entire county, arc the liberalizing forces of a composite popula­tion that give breadth and frankness, with a good measure of freedom from the narrow and meaningless social constraints that too often freeze all the naturalness out of social life. The people are sensible, cordial and hospitable, and accord a gracious and generous welcome to worthy newcomers from every land. They have much more than the average of social and mental culture, and with it a larger measure of public enterprise and unity than any people of our acquaintance in Missouri. They are united on everything that is likely to advance the material interests of the city, have a laudable pride in its prosperity and are zealous workers for  their schools and churches. They are generous, too, in alms-giving, many of the representative men having given in public and private charities more than they are to-day worth  in worldly possessions. Mexico has, in grand measure, the two elements of a successful city, viz., a group of splendid, active, aggressive and enterprising business men, and a first-class location. Without these, no town ever grew into commanding volume and influence. The representative business men of Mexico have energy, faith and persistence enough to build a city on the border of Sahara. If some of them are wanting in large mon­eyed capital, most of them have a splendid stock of the higher capital of brain and heart and muscle, with the tact to bring it into the best possible use. They have sublime faith in the future of their city, because they have faith in themselves. They do not wait to be built up by extraneous forces, but they build themselves up by such agen­cies as are at their command. There never congregated, in a pioneer town, better and braver business men than they who planted their commercial standards on this beautiful divide more than a third of a century ago. Other men of kindred sympathies, impulses and habits were attracted hither by sympathetic magnetism, until the little pioneer village bus grown to a strong, commanding city. The location of Mexico is a permanent good fortune. It has not only a fine railway system bringing close commercial relations with St. Louis, Chicago and the entire railway system of the State, but easily com­mands the largest tributary country of any town in North and Central Missouri, its trade extending over Audrain county and good portions of Monroe, Ralls, Montgomery and Callaway counties. And the sa­gacious business men of the city are making most of the situation. The pioneers were wise enough to lay out a broad and comprehensive work and the men of to-day, with characteristic spirit and energy, are carrying it to a splendid issue. In the quiet undercurrent of “the life they live,” there is doubtless much of the ideal, limit to the cas­ual visitor the town is thoroughly materialistic. They live by stern, practical, Roman methods, and are creating facts instead of fancies. Their purpose is to build a strong central inland city that shall worth­ily represent the best material phases of our advancing civilization, and the observant visitor is compelled to believe in their success. It is refreshing to pass a day or a week in a city that gives no sign of halting or doubting. I confess to a life set mainly in the minor key, and to a love of sentiment that is sometimes all absorbing; but I am compelled to admire the bravery and self-assertion of these men who live and labor and love in the stearnest realism of a creative and pro­gressive life. There is nothing stinted or sordid in the make-up of a live commercial city. Commercial life is pre-eminently liberal, pro­gressive and humane. Commerce leads civilization. It gives the true cosmopolitan type to thought and action and begets a generous hos­pitality, such as I have an hundred times met in the workshops, offices, banks and sales-rooms of this driving young metropolis of the Grand Prairie. There is little hide-bound conservatism among the business men of this city, and fortunately few or none of the dead-and-alive capitalists who live upon the misfortunes of their neighbors, and to whom “2 per cent a month” is a grander prerogative than founding and building a noble city. Mexico is a growing and prosperous city.  Local capital is mainly absorbed in bricks and mortar and merchan­dise, in machinery and motive power and the manifold ways of mate­rial progress. During the year 1879 and the last half of 1878, eight handsome brick business houses and 150 residences, with many shops and outbuildings, were constructed at an aggregate cost of $200,000.  Since then upwards of 100 new buildings, including stores, residences, shops, hotels and outbuildings have been erected at an aggregate cost of more than $140,000. And still the work goes bravely on. Several elegant brick blocks and many fine residences, a city hospital, and any number of minor buildings are now under construction, rents are in good demand, real estate is steadily advancing, and there are many indications of a prosperous future. These upward tendencies are in no wise speculative, but represent a healthful growth predicated on the steady development of the large and productive farm country that has still undeveloped resource enough to give impulse to a town of 8,000 souls. Mexico is the banner commercial city of its class in North Missouri and probably in the entire State. The trade of the city has nearly doubled within the last two years, and in many departments has still a strong upward tendency.

The original town of Mexico was located in the central portion of the north-west quarter of section 26, township 51, range 9, and was laid out in April, 1836, by Robert C. Mansfield and James H. Smith, who entered the land at $1.25 per acre.

After laying out the town, these gentlemen offered to give every alternate lot and a public square to the county, provided the site was selected by the county as its seat of justice. Cornelius Edwards, William R. Martin and Robert Schooling were the commissioners appointed by the Legislature to locate the county seat, and they selected the town of Mexico. The first sale of lots by Mansfield and Smith occurred in the fall of 1836.


The pioneer business men of the town were Morris & White (J. B. Morris and William White).*  They commenced business (general merchandise) in 1836, and after continuing until about the year 1840, they sold out to William Levaugh, who was quite an old man. Levaugh operated his store until his death.

As John B. Morris was the pioneer business man of the town we give in this connection a brief biographical sketch of his life, as pub­lished by one of the county papers, also the resolutions of respect of the Audrain County Bar.

Sold goods on lot 4, block 21.


At his home, near this city, on the morning of December 30, 1875, Judge John B. Morris.

Judge Morris was born in Pendleton county, Ky., December 3, 1806. In 1830 he emigrated to Missouri and settled near Millers­burg, in Callaway county, where he continued to reside until 1836, when he removed to this point and erected the first house built upon the ground now included within the limits of Mexico. He afterwards built a store-room and was, for several years, engaged in mercantile pursuits; he also held the office of postmaster for about fifteen years, - continuously from the time an office was established at this place.

When Audrain county was established, Judge Morris was appointed clerk of both county and circuit court, and after the separation of these offices he continued to hold the office of clerk of the county court until 1858, at which time he was elected judge of the same court. In 1862 he was re-elected and served until May 1, 1865, when his seat became vacant under the ousting ordinance of the State Con­vention. In November, 1866. he was again called  to the county bench, and again in 1870, and still again in 1874-being at the time of his death presiding judge.

In all the long years and varied experiences of his official life, he adhered tenaciously to whatever he thought to  be right, and was equally determined in his opposition  whatever he thought inimical to the interests committed to his charge. So outspoken and inflexible was he, that we doubt if his motives were ever questioned by any who chanced to be brought in opposition to his views.

Judge Morris was the father of thirteen children, all of whom grew to manhood and womanhood, and all of whom, save one, survive him, as also does his excellent wife.  The descendants of this couple now number seventy, of whom three are great-grandchildren.

In social, as well as in business and official life, the deceased was affable and pleasant, and in all his relations he evinced that high type of manhood which always attracts  and retains respect and esteem. His death is a public calamity, for he was, indeed, “The noblest work of God, an honest man!”

COUNTY COURT ROOM, December 31, 1875.

The members of the Audrain County Bar and county officers met in the county  court room to take steps that might seem becoming to show their respect for the virtues of Judge Morris, and their grief at his death.. Judge S. M.. Edwards was called to preside over the meeting.

On motion, a committee was appointed to draft resolutions express­ive of the feelings of the meeting, consisting of Messrs. W. H. Kennan, B. L. Locke, Judge G. B. Macfarlane and Judge W. O. Forrist.

The following report of the committee was adopted: “The mem­bers of the Bar and officers of the county of Audrain, being shocked to learn of the sudden death at his residence of the Hon. J. B. Mor­ris, presiding justice of the county court of Audrain county, a citizen of the county when organized; a man of large and varied experience; of sound judgment, undoubted integrity, large public spirit and enterprise, and who had, during a long life, labored for the development, prosperity and happiness of his county and fellow-citizens, -. in public meeting at the court-house in Mexico, to con­sider of the public loss and private grief, so occasioned, do resolve,

“1st. That in the death of Judge Morris, the county has lost an honest, faithful and valued servant; the community a kind, hospita­ble and precious friend, and his family an example in every domes­tic virtue.

“2d. That, as a mark of our sorrow for this public bereavement, we, the members of the bar and officers of Audrain county, attend the funeral services in a body.

“3d. That we tender our sincere sympathy to the family of the deceased.

“4th. That a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be engrossed and delivered to the family of deceased.

“5th. That John M. Gordon be appointed to present the proceed­ings of the meeting to the county court, and ask that they be made a part of the record.






On motion the meeting adjourned.

S. M. EDWARDS, Chairman.

J. McD. TRIMBLE, Sec’y.

Mansfield & Smith* opened the first grocery in the town, beginning business soon after Morris & White. A man by the name of Hickman was also one of the early business men. James L. Stephens sold dry goods as early as 1840. He purchased a great many hick­ory nuts during the fall of that year -amounting to several hundred bushels - and the price fell to almost nothing. Mr. J. B. Morris, of Mexico, purchased 100 bushels of these nuts for one dollar, and fed them to his hogs.

George W. Turley was among the first merchants. He was a large man physically, but possessed of a kind and genial disposition. He did business for many years.. George Muldrow began business in 18-, and continued for a number of years. Clark & Harrison were among the early and successful merchants; as business men they were very popular. John Q. Pool, Thomas. W. Gant & Co., Hord & Sander, McKee & Jeffreys. A. & C. Cauthorn (succeeded by (Cauthorn & Pearson), Northcutt & Co., Henry Williams, Williams & Reed, Dyer & Fish, N. Lackland, Increase Adams and John G. Coil were among the early merchants. Dr. L. N. Hunter established the first drug store in 1850. Dr. Matthew Walton was the first physician. One of the first blacksmiths in the town was C. R. Ward, who made augurs a specialty. So excellent were they, that they were sought after by a great many men, some of whom resided in other parts of the country. L. L. Ramsey was the proprietor of the first saloon; his house stood about where E. D. Graham now lives. Thomas Stone was the first cabinet-maker. Fulcher, McGrue, Joseph Ma­lory and Mrs. Penny were the earliest school teachers in the town. McGrue died in the town, while his school was in progress.

Sold goods on lot 1, block 22.


On the 5th day of November, 1837, the commissioner for the sale of lots presented his sale-book of the same. The record in reference thereto is as follows : -

This day, Ackley Day, town and county commissioner, presented his sale book of town lots, which was examined by the court and or­dered to be recorded.  Whereupon the number of lots sold, the amount they sold for, and the purchaser’s name of each lot, read in the words and figures following, to-wit: Eli Smith purchased lot No. 1, in block No. 1, and Eli Smith purchased lot No. 8, in block No. 1, at the price and for the sum of five dollars each.

Block No. 2, and lots No. 8 and 1, Joel Haynes purchased for the sum of    $18 50

Block No. 2, in lot No. 4, Mereto Violet          7 75
Block No. 3, in lot No. 8, Harrison Newell      20 00
Block No. 3, in lot No. 4, James B. Fenton    30 00
Block No. 8, in lot No. 6, Joseph Pearson     32 50
Block No. 3, in lot No. 6, Thomas Harrison    32 00
Block No. 3, in lot No. 7, I. M. Cunningham   20 50
Block No. 8, in lot No. 2, Henry B. Gale        17 00
Block No. 9, in lot No. 2, James H. McClear   7 50
Block No. 9, in lot No. 8, William L. Cave       6 00
Block No. l0 in lot No. 4, Jefferson Davis       5 00
Block No. 10, in lot No. 5, Franklin Burt         5 00
Block No. 4, in lot No. 8, James B. Fenton    30 00
Block No. 4, in lot No. 6, John Wood             5 25
Block No. 4, in lot No. 2, James Harrison        5 00
Block No. 4, in lot No. 4, James II. McClear    8 25
Block No. 5, in lots Nos. 1, 2, 8, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, John Rothwell                38 50
Block No. 7, in lot No. 1, James E. Fenton     30 00
Block No. 7, in lot No. 2, James E. Fenton     12 00
Block No. 7, in lot No. 4, James E. Fenton     12 00
Block No. 18, in lot No. 8, William S. Williams 60 00
Block No. 18, in lot No. 5, Edward Baltz         40 00
Block No. 17, in lot No. 4, Edward Baltz         63 50
Block No. 17, in lot No. 6, John M. Hicks        34 00
Block No. 12, in lot No. 4, Robert McGuire      12 00____

                                                                                                                                                $552 26

Lots 6 and 7, in block 6, were reserved for a seminary; lot 2, in block 16, was re­served for a market-house; lot 8, in block 21, for a school-house, and the block in the north-west corner of the first addition for a cemetery.


Beatty’s addition, 1856; Roberts’ square, 1874; Rose’s square, 1874; Ruloff’s square, 1875; Landon D. Craigg’s, 1875; Benner’s, 1872; Clark’s, 1855; Dr. L. N. Hunter’s, 1856; Pearson’s, 1856; Davis’, 1856; Jeffries’, 1857; Broadwater’s, 1857; Muldrow’s, 1857; Donated addition, 1856; Morris’, 1857; Lander’s block, 1859; Dillard’s addition, 186; Ladd’s addition, 1866; Addition Bank State of Missouri, 1867; Wigginton’s square, 1858; Quisenberry’s, 1871 Hughes’, 1871; Rawling’s, 1871; Galbreath’s square, 1871; Ladd’s second addition, 1872; Guthrie’s addition ; Barnes’, 1873; Muldrow’s sub-division, 1872 ; Arthur B. Barrett’s sub-division, 1874 ; John A. Pearson’s addition, 1876; Fair Grounds addition 1875; W. D. H. Hunter’s addition, 1875 ; Mrs. Sparks’, 1865 ; W. C. Barnes’ block, 1878; Duncan’s addition, 1880; Hisey & Cassidy’s, 1881; Lakenan & Barnes’, 1883; Rice’s sub-division, 1883.

The city was incorporated February 17, 1857.


The first difficulty of any note that occurred in the town, took place in March, 1841, on the Tucker corner, where James Hall kept a tavern. During the night preceding the difficulty several parties were drinking and playing cards in the house ; among these were James Hall and Samuel Dingle. On the following morning,. Hall and Dingle had a spirited altercation of words, and finally struck at each other with chairs, which were demolished. Hall threw down his chair, and drew his dirk and struck Dingle several blows, one of them proving fatal - being a stab in the right breast in the region of the nipple. The parties then went out of the house. Hall got into the street. Dingle reached the edge of the porch and took hold of a post and swung himself down to the ground, but in attempting to rise, he sank upon his knees, and then fell forward on his face and expired. Hall was then tried before an examining justice, who held him over to be tried at the next term of the circuit court for murder. A change of venue was granted to Boone county. The sheriff, in company with the prisoner and several guards, started to Boone county, and while on their way thither, the party stopped over at a farmer’s house for the night. The night was very dark, and while they were at supper, the prisoner stepped into an adjoining room, where there was an open door leading in to the yard. Through this the prisoner swiftly passed, and was never seen or heard of afterwards.

The names of the following witnesses are endorsed upon the back of the old indictment: Avery Hall, Levi Hall, E. B. Hall, B. G. Hall, James L. Stephens, J. B. Hatton, M. Walton, A. Powell, G. W. Turley, D. T. Day.


Israel Landis, William Cunningham, W. D. H. Hunter, Amos Ladd, George D. Travis, A. Ringo, R. H. Fowler, three terms; W. Pollack, two terms; J. C. Bassford, two terms; Joseph B. Botkin, present incumbent.


The first hank that was established in Mexico was the private bank of A. R. Ringo. A. R. Ringo was the president, and J. E. Dearing was the cashier, He commenced business in 1861, and continued until about the year 1867, when a joint stock company was formed, called the Mexico National Savings Bank. The word “National”  was immediately dropped, and the bank thereafter and since that time has been known as the Mexico Savings Bank.

The Farmers’ and Traders’ Bank - Was organized about the year 1870, with Henry Williams as president and R. R. Arnold, cashier.

The Mexico Exchange Bank - Was established. May 20, 1876, by R. W. Tureman, as president, and R. R. Arnold as cashier. The directors were R. W. Tureman, R. R. Arnold, Edward Rines, B. B. Tureman and James  M. Coons. After doing business for seven years, the bank was changed into the First National Bank of Mexico, with thirteen directors, and commenced business under this name February

13, 1883.  The names of the directors at this time are U. W. Ture­man, president; R. R. Arnold, cashier.


Assets. -

                Bills receivable   $97,894 77

                Fixtures               1,232 60

In other banks          51,593 64

U. S. bonds              12,500 00

Premium on bonds        2,445 62

Expense account            381 01

Redemption fund             562 00

Cash on hand            10,621 71

                                        $177,231 35

Liabilities. -

                Capital stock                                  $50,000 06
                Due depositors                                113,986 99
                Bills payable                                         150 00
                Interest and exchange                           854 36
                National bank notes outstanding          11,240 00
                Surplus fund                                      1,000 00

                                                                   $177,231 35


Mexico Southern Bank - Was organized in 1867. The directors are C. H. Hardin, W. M. Sims, William Harper, James Callaway and H. A. Ricketts.


Resources. -

Loans and disbursements                                   $187,978 29
Overdrafts                                                        3,545 64
Due from other banks                                       93,661 59
Real estate                                                        8,000 00
Office furniture                                                  1,100 00
Cash                                                                20,652 38

$814,937 90

Liabilities. -

         Capital stock paid in $l00,000 00

Surplus funds              ,196 52 

Deposits                205,741 38

                                    $314,937 90           


Officers - C. H. Hardin, president; H. A. Ricketts, cashier; R. Callaway, assistant cashier.

Mexico Savings Bank - Was organized in 1867, under the State banking law. First officers - A. R. Ringo, president; John Dearing, cashier; S. M. Lock, assistant cashier. Directors - A. R. Ringo, C.  T. Quisenberry, R. W. Bourne, M. D., James E. Ross, William Stuart. Capital stock $100,000.00; 20 per cent paid  in. Present officers-William Stuart, president; J. M. Marmaduke, cashier; S. M. Lock, assistant cashier. Directors-J. M. Marmaduke, J. E. Ross, E. C. Cunningham, John Menefee, Thomas Harrison, Lewis Hord, William Stuart.

Paid up capital stock $75,000.00; with surplus of $20,000.00. This bank erected the block in which they do business, upon the south-­east corner of the square, in 1878, and do a general banking business.


Crusade Commandry, No. 23,-At Mexico, was organized April 19, 1873. The charter members were James Carroll, T. A. Foreman, James P. Coil, W. A. Hall, S. S. Craig, P. P. Parker, F. M. Doan, W. S. Clemens, John Sallee. First officers - James Carroll, E. C.; T. A. Foreman, Gen.; J. P. Coil, Capt.-Gen.; W. S. Clemens, prelate; W. A. Hall, S. W.; J. J. Steele, J. W.; S. M. Edwards, Treas.; S. W. Brickley, Rec’d.; B. P. Bailey, S. B.; J. D. Tucker, S. B.; J. M. Marmaduke, W.; J. M. Riley, guard. The eminent commanders since 1873, were James Carroll, three terms; S. M. Edwards, three  terms; J. M. Marmaduke, two terms. Present officers, elected December, 1882 - R. H. Fowler, E. C.; George J. Tyrrell, Gen.; George A. Poteet, Capt.-Gen.; T. J. Gooch, prelate; J. M. Riley, S. W.; J. J. Steele, Treas.; J. F. Llewellyn, Rec’d.; Joseph Murray, Std. B.; M. Gorth, Swd. B.; J. M. Marmaduke, W.; D. C. Wright, guard.

Knights of Honor, Salt River Lodge No. 1886,-Was organized November 21, 1879. Charter members - John A. Brooks, N. B. Burkhart, John R. Bragg, James Carroll, R. Callaway, B. F. Dobyns, D. N. Evans, Pinckney French, Herman Franke, John M. Gordon, H. Glasscock, A. M. Harrison, C. S. Houston, P. W. Harding, J. H. Hayden, William Kemper, W. B. LaForce, J. C. Maple, W. W. Macfarlane, Lee McConnell, S. L. McKean, T. A. Keeton, James Pol­lard, C. T. Quisenberry, Edward Roth, W. J. Robinson, Jonet Tomlinson. First officers -John A. Brooks, P. D.; J. C. Maple, D.; J. H. Haydon, V. D.; H. Glasscock, A. D.; Jonet Tomlinson, reporter; W. B. LaForce, H. R. ; John M. Gordon, Treas. ; S. L. McKean, Chap. ; Lee McConnell, G. ; W. J. Robinson, I. G. ; H. Franke, S. ; Pinckney French, M. E. For term commencing January 1st, 1880 - John A. Brooks, P. D. ; J. C. Maple, D.; J. H. Haydon, V. D.; B. F. Dobyns, A. D.; Jonet Tomlinson, reporter; W. B. LaForce, H. R. ; J. M. Gordon, Treas. ; S. L. McKean, Chap. Edward Roth, G.; W. J. Robinson, I. G.; N. B. Burkhart, S.; Pinckney French, M. E. Term commencing July 1, 1880: John A. Brooks, P. D.; J. C. Maple, D. ; J. R. Pollard, V. D.; B. F. Dobyns, A. D.; Jonet Tomlinson, R.; W. B. LaForce, F. R.; J. M. Gordon, Treas.; P. W. Harding, Chap.; Edward Roth, G.; N. B. Burkhart, I. G. ; H. Franke, S. ; W. W. Macfarlane, M. E. Term commencing January 1, 1881 -J. C. Maple, P. D.; John M. Gordon, D.; J. H. Haydon, V. D.; W. O. Vandyke, A. D.; R. Callaway, reporter; B. F. Dobyns, F. R. ; James Carroll, Treas. ; P. W. Harding, Chap. ; H. A. Kattleman, G. ; J. T. Nelson, I. G. ; S. L. McKean, S. ; W. W. Macfarlane, M. E. Term commencing July 1, 1881 - J. C. Maple, P. D.; J. M. Gordon, D.; W. O. Vandyke, V. D. ; J. H. Haydon, A. D. ; P. W. Harding, R. ; B. F. Dobyns, F. R. ; James Carroll, Treas.; H. Franke, G. ; S. L. McKean, I. G. M. Gorth, S. ; W. W. Macfarlane, M. E. Term commencing January 1, 1882- J. M. Gordon, P. D.; J. McD. Trimble, E.; D. D. Wood­ward, V. D.; Edward Roth, A. D.; P. W. Harding, R.; J. T. Nel­son, F. R. ; James Carroll, Treas. ; S. L. McKean, G. ; B. F. Dobyns, Chap. ; W. J. Robinson, I. G. ; Mike Gorth, S. ; W. W. Macfarlane, M. E. Term commencing January 1, 1883 -J. M. Gordon, P. D.; D. D. Woodward, V. D.; G. A. Poteet, A. D.; P. W. Harding, R.; J. T. Nelson, F. R.; George Robertson, Treas.; B. F. Dobyns, Chap.; W. J. Robinson, G.; J. H. Haydon, I. G.; Mike Gorth, S.; W. W. Macfarlane, M. E.

Mexico Division No. 31, 8. 7.- Was organized April 18, 1883.  Charter members: - P. W. Harding, Mrs. M. J. Harding, C. A. Keeton, Mrs. M. E. Keeton, Mrs. M. F. Gibbs, Charles O. Harding, Mrs. S. A. Chase, Carrie Chase, J. B. Allen, George Garrett, William S. Barker, Mrs. H. A. Bourne, S. H. Bell, Miss Kate Carr, L. B. Cudworth, Josie Cudworth, Mrs. Willie Campbell, Mrs. A. Campbell, George M. Haskell, Mrs. H. E. Kcrnan, Lida Kernan, Hettie Kernan, Mrs. S. A. Keath, W. H. H. Lee, Dr. G. S. Murdock, Mrs. E. L. Murdock, Chas. W. Mitchell, Miss Lucy Noell, W. H. Norris, J. W. Town, Miss Nannie Whisner, Miss Hattie Whisner, Miss Eva White J. J. Winscott, Miss Alice N. Wales, G. N. Wales. Officers-P. W. Harding, W. P. ; M. J. Harding, W. A.; C. A. Keeton, R. S. ; Mrs. M. F Gibbs, A. S.; Chas. O. Harding, F. S. ; Mrs. H. A. Chase, Treas. J. Wright, Chap.; J. B. Allen, conductor ; Carrie Chase, A. C. ; George Garrett, I. S. ; W. S. Barker, O. S.; Mrs. H. A. Bourne, P. W. P. Quarter beginning July 1, 1883-P. W. Harding, W. R..; Mrs. M. E. Keeton, W. A.; C. A. Keeton, R. S.; Mrs. S. A. Keath, A. R. S. ; Miss Hattie Whisner, F. S.; Mrs. S. A. Chase, Treas.; Thos. S. Murdock, Chap. ; R. H. Kernan, C. ; Nannie Whisner, A. C. ; Cora Campbell, I. S.; Clarence Boyd, O. S.; Mrs. H. A. Bourne, P. W. P. Quarter beginning October 1, 1883- C. A. Keeton, W. P. Mrs. M. E. Keeton, W. A. ; R. H. Kernan, R. S. ; Miss Mary Gorth, A. R. S. ; J. H. Haydon, F. S. ; Mrs. Sallie Keath, Treas.; Dr. T. S. Murdock, Chap. ; Walter Murray, Con. ; Miss Mary Bonnie, A. C.; Miss Mollie Hablutzel, I. S. J. Wright, O. S.; P. W. Harding, P. W. P.


Mexico Hospital, established in 1881, is located on South Jefferson street. It is an institution under the auspices and personal direction of resident physicians of Mexico.

The medical staff is composed of: Consulting gynecologists-George J. Engleman, A. M., M. D., St. Louis, Mo.; W. L. Barrett, A. M, M. D., St. Louis, Mo. Attending surgeons-Pinckney French, M. D., Mexico, Mo.; W. V. Walker, M. D., Mexico, Mo. Consulting surgeons -Wesley Humphrey, M. D., Moberly, Mo. ; I. P. Vaughn, A. M., M. D., Glasgow, Mo.; A. M. McAllister, A. M., M. D., Columbia, Mo.; F. J. Lutz, A. M., M. D., St. Louis, Mo. Attend­ing physicians-S. M. Dodson, A. M., M. D., Mexico, Mo.; John W. Hamilton, M. D., Mexico, Mo. Consulting physicians -Thomas P. Rothwell, A. M., M. D., Mexico, Mo.; John S. Pearson, A. M.,

M. D., Louisiana, Mo.; John H. Duncan, A. M., M. D., Columbia, Mo.; H. H. Middlekamp, M. D., Warrenton, Mo.; W. W. Moss, A. M., M. D., Columbia, Mo. Surgeon-dentist - John W. Reed, D. D. S.


This society was organized in December, 1872, as a branch of the Union District Medical Society.

Article 11 of the constitution of the society defines the objects of the organization as follows: -

The  objects of the society shall be to constitute a representative body of the regular medical profession of the district, which may ad­vance the interests and encourage the unity and harmonious action of the entire profession throughout the district; to suppress empiricism as much as practicable; to restrict the practice of medicine to regu­larly qualified graduates; to develop talent, stimulate medical inventions and discoveries, and to maintain their rights and immunities as medical men. 

At the organization of the society, the following gentlemen composed the officers and members: Dr. W. H. Lee, president; Dr. J. H. Crawford, vice-president; Dr. A. M. Vandeventer, treasurer; Dr. W. W. Macfarlane,  secretary; Drs. John Bryan, J. W. Lanius, C. B. Fetter, G. P. Rothwell, S. N. Russell, Wesley Humphrey. Present officers and members : -Dr. W. L. Read, president; Dr. S. N. Russell, vice-president; Dr. S. M. Dodson, treasurer.; Dr. Pinck­ney French, secretary; Drs. W. H. Lee, F. M. Moore, T. P. Rothwell, W. B. Rhodes, T. J. Baskett, W. V. Walker, Thomas S. Murdock, A. M. Patterson, W. W. Macfarlane, B. W. Bourne, M. Allison, A. M. Vandeventer, W; R.. Blankenship, W. H. Vandeventer, Samuel Welch, J. H. Terrill, J. P. Scholl, M. M. Scott, M. E. Craw­ford, J. J. Halley, John McDearmon.

The following is the notice and programme of the last annual meeting of the society: -

[From Daily Intelligencer of January 14, 1888.]

The Audrain County Medical Society will celebrate its eleventh an­niversary at the Central-Ringo Hotel, Thursday evening, January 17, 1884.

PROGRAMME. - The society and  invited guests will meet at the par­lors of the hotel at 7:3O o’clock P. M.

TOASTS AND RESPONSES.- lst.  Audrain County Medical Society - Response by newly elected president, Dr. W. L. Reed.

2d.  The Doctor and Minister - Response by Dr. T. J. Gooch.

3d.  The Press, the Great Educator of the People - Response by J. N. Cross (Cal. Hutton not present).

4th. Pioneer Practice in Audrain County as Contrasted with the Practice of Today-Response by Mexico’s oldest physician, Dr. W. H. Lee.

5th. The Druggist (or, if preferred, the Cyclone) - Response by J. F. Llewellyn and Dr. A. M. Patterson. 

6th. Progress of the Medical Science - Response by Drs. Russell and French.

7th. The Learned Professions -Response by Judge W. O. Forrist.

8th. Professional Success-Response by Prosecuting Attorney T. B. Buckner.

9th. Some of the Achievements and Successes of the Last Century, and What may be Expected in the Next Response -  by Rev. Dr. Stoddert.

10th. The Dentist - Response by Dr. W. L, Reed, D. D. S.

11th. The Written History of Audrain County -Response by Judge J. L. Berry.

12th. Doctor Hornbrook -Response by Judge J. M. Edwards.

13th. The Physician as a Visitor - Response by Rev. J. C. Armstrong.

Parties present on the. evening of January 17, 1884, and invited guests: Rev Drs. T. J. Gooch, A. Stoddert. Revs. John Wayman, J. C. Armstrong, J. E. Lee. Elders A. C. Walker, J. F. Llewellyn, Renfro Gibbs, S. S. Craig, L. P. Smothers, C. C. Keoppen. Drs. W. L. Reed, James L. McWilliams, J. T. Neale, Pinckney French, W. H. Lee, S. N. Russell, T. P. Rothwell, W. R Rhodes, T. J Baskett, W. V. Walker, A. M. Patterson, S. M. Dodson, J. H. Terrill, W. R. Blankenship, Samuel Welch.  Judges W.  O. Forrist, S. M. Edwards. T. B. Buckner, prosecuting attorney. J. N.  Cross, editor Press; R. M. White, editor Ledger. Judge J. L. Berry.


Mexico, like all other cities, has had some fires. The two largest and most destructive occurred in the same year; the first on June 6, 1873, and  the second September 7, 1873. The fire of June 16th de­stroyed eight business houses. Among these were the buildings of George Kunkle, John Schumacher, J. L. Llewellyn, Daniel Leonard, Mark Roberts and others.  The fire in  September was the more de­structive, consuming some nine or ten business houses with their contents. The damage to buildings and their contents aggregated (both fires) fully $200,000, three fourths of which was covered by insurance.


met on the 24th day of June, 1878, and elected the following persons as members of the Phoenix Fire Company No. 1:  J. T. Jones, T. J. Reed, P. W. Harding, Al. Towson, Harry Day, Charles Day, James J. Brophey, W. Lander, S. L. McKean, S. M. Locke, Thomas Isaacs, John T. Brooks, D. Leonard, John Ricketts, S. A. Dunn, J. P. Dobyns, R. M. Gill, D. E. Shea, B. F. Dobyns, G. Blum, George Robertson, Pomp Plunkett, Clayton Lipton, Smith Spence, George Gill, F. Coatsworth, R. M. White. Officers of Department George Robertson, president; S. M. Locke, vice-president; Dick Gill, secre­tary ; B. F. Dobyns, treasurer.


We. should have been pleased to have written more of the history of the public schools of Mexico, but could not get the records of the same further back than September, 1870.

The schools were organized soon after the Civil War, and were taught in the old seminary building, which occupied the site of the present Hardin College, until the erection and completion of the present beautiful and superb building which was finished in 1874.

The school board sold the seminary and grounds to Ex-Gov. Charles C. Hardin, in May, 1873, for $3,500. Although the old site of the seminary was a handsome one, the location was considered too far away from the main portion of the city to be convenient for the great majority of the pupils who attended.

The lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, in block 3, county addition, were purchased of B. R. Cauthorn for $1,200, and during the month of September, 1873, the contract for building the new school-house was awarded to George H. Ribbles & Co., for $19,240. The building is three stories in height, and contains twelve rooms beside the basement, all of which are heated by a furnace.

The first superintendent employed by the board, after the school opened in the new building, was Prof. J. C. Davis. The schools have prospered from the beginning, and are growing more and more in favor with the people as they have become convinced of their immeasurable utility. The prejudice which at first existed among a few persons against the public school system has gradually died out, until at this time the entire community, and especially that portion of it that has witnessed its practical workings, speak of it in glowing terms of praise.

Below will be found the school directors from 1870 to 1884:  School directors for 1870 - Samuel A. Craddock, William Harper, Dr. W.            Humphrey, Dr. R. W. Bowen, C. T. Quisenberry, John M. Gor­don. 1871 - F. A. Leavitt, Lewis Hord, Samuel H. Craddock, Dr. W. Humphrey, C. T. Quisenberry, John M. Gordon. 1872-Samuel A. Craddock, Dr. W. Humphrey, C. T. Quisenberry, Lewis Hord, W. Harper, G. D. Ferris. 1873 -Lewis Hord, G. D. Ferris, W. Harper, James Pasqueth, J. D. Tucker, C. T. Quisenberry. 1874- C. T. Quisenberry, J. D. Tucker, L. C. Swerer, James Pasqueth, J. D. Morris, William Harper. 1875-James Pasqueth, J. D. Morris, C. T. Quisenberry, J. D. Tucker, L. C. Swerer, J. J. Steele. 1876-Benjamin L. Locke, John W. Reed, James Pasqueth, J. D. Morris, John J. Steele, L. C. Swerer. 1877 - Benjamin L. Locke, John W. Reed, G. B. Macfarlane, John J. Steele, James Pasqueth, J. D. Morris. 1878- Benjamin L. Locke, J. D. Morris, James Pasqueth, John J. Steele, John W. Reed, G. B. Macfarlane. 1879- J. M. Menifee, G. B. Macfarlane, James Pasqueth, S. P. Emmons, John J. Steele, Benjamin L. Locke. 1880-Benjamin L. Locke, G. B. Macfarlane, James Pasqueth, J. M. Menifee, S. P. Emmons, John J. Steele. 1881 -B. R.. Cauthorn, S. P. Emmons, James Pasqueth, G. B. Macfarlane, John J. Steele, J. M. Menifee. 1882-D. E.            Shea, S. P. Emmons, G. B. Macfarlane, John J. Steele, J. M. Menifee, B. R.. Cauthorn. 1883 - D. E. Shea, S. P. Emmons, G. B. Macfarlane, P. W. Harding, J. M. Menifee, B. R.. Cauthorn.


Superintendent, D. A. McMillan                                                $144 44 per month.

F. C. Bryan                                                                             50 00“
O. A. Harding                                                                          40 00               
Miss Lizzie Grantham                                                                 55 00               
Miss Bessie Towles                                                                   45 00               
Miss Lizzie Mathews                                                                  30 00               
Miss Willie Woodward                                                                30 00               
Miss Mary Hooton                                                                     30 00               
Miss Annie                                                                               30 00               
Miss Mattie Sullinger                                                                  45 00               
Miss Lizzie Talbott                                                                     45 00               
Miss Josie Hamilton                                                                    35 00               
Miss Lottie May                                                                         47 50               
Prof. W. M. Treloar (music)                                                          17 50               
Ephraim McGee                                                                          32 50    


I. J. Hicks                                                                 $40 00 per month.
Mrs. Lillie B. Mason                                                     25 00           
Miss Maggie Booket                                                     25 00           
John Eubanks (janitor)                                                  6 00           



Number of white persons in the district between 6 and 20 years of age,

 male, 527; female, 552 1,079

Number of colored persons in the district between 6 and 20 years of age,
 male, 148; female, 173    321

Total enumeration white and colored, male, 675; female, 725  1,400

Total enrollment of white pupils, male, 397; female, 420   807

Total enrollment of colored pupils, male, 9l; female, 117   208

Total enrollment of white and colored, male, 478; female, 537  1,015

Number of pupils enrolled between 6 and 16 years of age   973

 Number of pupils enrolled between 16 and 20 years of age  42

Average number of days’ attendance by each pupil enrolled  116

Number of days school has been taught  180

Total number of days’ attendance by all pupils  117,961

Average number of pupils attending each day   656

Number of teachers employed in the district during the year   16

Average salaries of teachers per month  $53 71

Highest salary paid teachers  122 20

Lowest salary paid teachers   15 00

Total salaries paid district officers, teachers and janitors per month  906 09

Number of school houses in the district 2

Number of buildings rented for school purposes  1  

Number of pupils that may be seated In the various schools   750     

Number of white schools  1

Number of colored schools 1

Average cost per day for tuition on enrollment  05

Average cost per day on average number belonging 07

Average cost per day on daily attendance   08

Value of school property in the district  26,000 00

Average rate per $100 levied for school purposes in the district  75

Assessed value of property in the district  1,103,405 00

Amount on hand at beginning of school year  949 52

Amount received for tuition fees  98 50

Amount received from public funds (State, County and Township)  3,897 75

Amount realized from taxation   9,719 43

Amount paid for teacher’s wages in the district during the year ,734 30

Amount paid for fuel in the district during the year 646 43

Amount paid for repairs or rent of school houses during the year   368 08

Amount paid for apparatus and incidental expenses in the district for the year  621 33

Amount expended in defraying past indebtedness  2,850 00

Balance in hands of treasurer at close of year   2,024 56 


This mill, owned by Pollock & Co., was erected in 1879. It is a brick structure, four stories high above basement, with mansard roof. The building is 60x75 feet. Its machinery is propelled by a 60-horse power engine, built by L. & E. Greenwood, of Cincinnati, Ohio. They use a shell boiler water purifier. Rave four French burs, made at St. Louis; double set of Stephens’ rolls, manufactured at Buffalo, N. Y., by the John T. Noye Manufacturing Company; one corrugated roll for bran, three purifiers, one dollman, one Great Western bran duster, one Vaudegriff smut mill, one grain separator, one centrifugal flour dressing machine, one Richmond grain cleaner, one pair scales and conveyancer in mansard room, corn-sheller in basement and conveyancer to garret, thence to cars. The smoke stack of the mill con­tains 135,000 brick and is 112 feet high. Work ten men running 12 hours year round; six months of year run day and night, doing strictly jobing business. Their mill is complete in all its parts. They have corn warehouse and dumper separate from mill, and coin is conveyed to the mill by means of belt.

They also have a large mill at Slater, Saline county, which is doing a good business.


general office, Kansas City. The office in Mexico was granted by American Telephone Company in the autumn of 1881. A franchise was granted to J. A. Glandon, who commenced with 32 subscribers. The office was opened December 1, 1881, with 50 subscribers. in less than 30 days there were 68 subscribers. In June, 1882, this: was sold out to the Missouri and Kansas City Telephone Company. Mr. Glandon managed business for them until December, 1882. Rev. Charles E. McClintock is their manager at present. 

Below we present a review of the business of Mexico for the year 1874. It is important, because it shows the names of the parties who were doing business in Mexico at that time, how long they had been in business, and what their sales amounted to that year. It also gives something of an insight into the character of the men who were then the merchants and tradesmen of Mexico. We copy from the Messen­ger of December, 1874 -

We lay before our readers and the general public a very extended report of the business of Mexico, “The Prairie City,” for the year just closing It embraces every mercantile  house and every manufactory, together with industrial agencies, but of course does not touch upon the. business done by any in the learned professions. The aggregate of sales, including the incomes to banks, and a fair per­centage to agents, but not including the amount paid to railroads, express companies and post-office, amounts to $1,546,600.

We are certain these statistics will be examined with much interest.


Essler & Co. -The members of this firm are A. S. Essler, Charles Essler and George W. Chase. The Messrs. Essler have been in busi­ness in our city but a few weeks, having come here from Macon, Mo. Mr. George Chase is well known as salesman for the last three years for P. W. Harding and H. W. VanGalder. The firm may be said to have already established itself, and is doing a business of $100 a day. They are successors to the popular house of Harding & Humphrey, and retain most of their customers while gaining many new ones. Harding & Humphrey were partners in business for only a year, and during that time did a leading grocery trade, their aggregate sales amounting to a full $30,000. Mr. Harding had been in business about two years and half in all, and no merchant in Mexico ever made more friends in the same length of time, or built up by energy and integrity a better trade. He will remain with Essler & Co. for a few months, till he reduces his books to order and collects numerous outstanding accounts, and then may be expected again in the marts of trade over his own proper cognomen. Mr. Humphrey’s future is unsettled, but he will likely form another “partnership” soon.

Barnes & Winegard. - This firm, as successors to Nelson & Quisenberry- east of the square - have claimed the attention of the mercantile community for only the last three weeks. Mr. Barnes is an old hand at the bellows, however; knows what good groceries are and how to sell them. They have a full stock of groceries - staple and fancy - provisions, grain, feed, etc., buy all that comes, pay liberal prices, sell as low as possible, and have encouragement for a large trade. Since they have been in business their sales for a single day have amounted to as much as $200. The firm which they succeed did during the last year a business of fully $30,000.

Null & Reily. - These gentlemen have recently opened a new stock of groceries and queensware on the north side of the square. They carry a full stock, are selling carefully to a cash standard, and buy at fair prices all kinds of grain and farming produce. Messrs. Null & Reily are both skillful traders, have a large circle of acquaintances, and are certain to control their proportion­ate share of business. For the four weeks that they have been engaged in business their sales have averaged $50 per day-an annual trade of about $17,000.

Wilson & Co.-This firm is successor to Null & Wilson, who purchased of S. W. Bickly last spring. Silas Wilson is the head of the house, and is an old and valuable citizen of Mexico, has hosts of friends, and though previously inexperienced in mercantile pur­suits, readily takes to the grocery business and is doing well. He carries a well selected stock, sells reasonably, and is putting out at the  rate of $15,000 ? ?.

Casey & Billings.- Mr. T. J. Casey came to our city about a year ago and engaged in business with Mr. Hausdorf. After a few months, becoming dissatisfied, he tried Moberly as a point of trade, but soon becoming still more dissatisfied with that place, returned to Mexico as the El Dorado after all, and resumed the grocery business with Mr. William Billings. They have since been doing a really pleasant business, which is steadily increasing. They keep a full stock of groceries, provisions, grain, etc., and evince much industry and energy. They have attained a reputation for strict integrity, and have many warm friends. Their sales for the last five months they have been in business amount to $9,600, and they fairly estimate $25,000 worth of business in the year.

J. D. Tucker. - Mr. Tucker has been one of Mexico’s foremost grocers for seven years past. He now is comfortably ensconced in his handsome new building, south-west corner of the square, occupying both the first and basement stories. He has always done a careful kind of business, selling discreetly to men of undoubted responsibility only, buying for cash and discounting his own bills, and priding him­self not only on doing a liberal share of the business but on having an excellent class of customers. His sagacious business habits have, of course, brought their due reward to Mr. Tucker, and a well filled exchequer places him considerably above want. He boasts of being steadily in the business longer than any other present firm, and his trade for the last year amounts to a snug $20,000.

D. Leonard. - This name is a familiar one in Mexico, he having resided here 18 years and being well known in business circles for the last ten years. Always successful, the fire of June, 1878, swept away the honest earnings of many years, and left him simply a good name and a stout heart. For the last year he has been in the grocery trade, and has done a fair business. In the past three months it has vastly increased, and has more than doubled on what it was pre­viously. He is now doing his full share, and the prospects for the next year are second to no other house in the city. His sales for 1874 amount to a net $12,000.

Bush. -James M. Bush, east side of the square, leads in his line of business, groceries and provisions. He also deals in grain and seeds, and farmers at his store find a certain market for all the kinds of produce they raise. Mr. Bush has been in business in our city for the past seven years, and no merchant has made a more creditable record for integrity and fair dealing. His sales for 1874 foot up between $30,000 and $35,000.

Bassford & Co. - Mr. Bassford has been in the grocery business in Mexico, with interruptions, for nine years. He has a faithful line of tried and true customers, who furnish him a steady and remunerative trade. The store of this firm on the south aide of the square is well filled with groceries, queensware, willow and wooden ware, and other goods appropriate to their line, making this one of the largest stocks of the kind in town. They estimate their sales for the year at $27,000.

Morris. - T. T. Morris - the “Dollar Man “- has lately moved into his new building on Jefferson street, south of the square, and added to his stock of dollar goods a handsome stock of family gro­ceries. He is now doing a thriving trade, and while in business only about ten months in the year, his sales have amounted to


Morris. - W. A. Morris was severely, scorched by the fire of last June and thrown out of business till a week or two ago. He has re­sumed the grocery trade now in Dr. Rothwell’s new store on Jefferson street, and has a small but select lot of staple groceries and provis­ions.  During the six months of the year that he has been. in busi­ness his sales. have summed up about $11,000.

H.. W. VanGalder. - This individual manages  the oldest grocery house in Mexico, having been in business for the last eight years. His trade has always been fair, as he is considered a good judge of goods, a close buyer and a careful seller. He has warm friends and devoted customers who have adhered to him during all these years. We esti­mate his yearly trade at $18,000.

John Bickley. -This gentleman has been engaged in the grocery trade here for the last six years, and by integrity and straight-forward dealing has; established a remunerative business. He keeps one of the largest grocery stocks in he city, and deals in grains, seeds, provisions, and, in fact, everything the farmers have to sell or the people want. His sales for  the year 1874 amount to between $20,000 and $25,000.

Fowler & Coon.. -This firm has been in business in this city for only about seven months They are  pleasantly located on the south side of the, square, keep a general stock of staple and fancy groceries, and control a large trade from both Audrain and Callaway counties. Their trade for, the  length of time they have been in business figures up to the flattering sum, of $18,000 worth, promising a yearly aggre­gate of more than $25,000.

Rawlings & Bourne were engaged in the grocery business, opposite the Ringo House, until the June fire, their business in 1874 till that time amounting to about $8,000.


Williams & Reed. - This firm conducts the largest business of any house in the city. It occupies a mammoth store on the north side of the square, and has two stories well filled with dry goods, millinery, notions, boots and shoes, ready-made clothing, etc. Mr. Williams is next to the oldest merchant in Mexico, having come here when Mexico was but a cross-roads post-office, and having been in business for more than twenty years. Their establishment now gives employment to eight hands.  Their sales in the briskest seasons often amount to from five to seven hundred dollars a day, and their cash sales during the year amount, in round numbers, to $80,000.

Johnson & Maddox. - One of the best stocks of goods and one of the best arranged stores in Mexico is that of Johnson & Maddox, now in West & Kabrich’s new building. They keep an elegant stock of dry goods, notions, boots and shoes, hats, etc., and make piece goods and ladies’ fine dress goods a specialty. Their business has very much  increased during the year.  The house is  becoming widely known and very popular, and promises to do its equitable proportion of the business in future. Its sales for 1874 sum up from $23,000 to $25,000.

Woodward.-Mr. William H. Woodward has been in the dry goods business in our city since 1866. During the last year  he has kept a reduced stock and has not crowded the business as in former years, his sales amounting to only $25,000, while heretofore they have reached $40,000.  His stock now consists of dry goods, clothing, notions, millinery and boots and shoes. He keeps an excellent class of goods, and has always proved himself a discriminating buyer as well as a liberal and fair dealer. He is so much encouraged with the future outlook that he will be on hand for 1875 with an increased stock, claiming his equal share of all the business done.

Martin. - Septimus Martin commenced the dry goods trade in this city last spring. After a few months  the fire reduced his store to ashes, but within 60 days he had resumed business in a new and solid brick structure, and for the last three months has driven a brisk and pleasant business. His assortment consists of dry goods, boots and shoes, notions, hats and  caps, queen’s-ware and a limited stock of family groceries. He is well liked and is building up a handsome trade. During the five months that he has been in business his sales will aggregate $10,000.

H. Jacobson. - This gentleman has been in the dry goods business in this city only since the 15th of October last. His store has gen­erally been thronged with customers, and he may be said already to have established himself in a good business. He keeps dry goods, notions, boots and shoes and furnishing goods, has enterprise and plenty of push, and his business since opening amounts to $3,500, or an estimated yearly business of more than $17,000.

West & Kabrich. - These gentlemen have lately taken possession of the handsome store-room in their new building, south-west corner of the square - one of the largest and best dry goods rooms in the State, outside of St. Louis. They keep an extensive assortment of dry goods, notions, hats and caps, boots and shoes, and a small but select stock of groceries. The firm has been engaged in business in Mexico for the last five years, and has done a liberal share of busi­ness. During the last year their business has amounted to $30,000.

W. W. Harper & Co.-This firm keeps a full stock of miscella­neous wares-dry goods, clothing, boots, hats, etc., on the north­east corner of the square. They deal largely in wool and trade for all kinds of country produce. During the eleven months that they have been in business their cash sales have amounted to $36,000. They do a careful business, sell cheap, and employ in all about six hands. Their trade promises to be much larger next year.

J. E. Stewart. - Mr. J. E. Stewart, north-east corner of the square, keeps a miscellaneous stock of dry goods, notions, boots and shoes, huts and caps, clothing, queen’s-ware and groceries. He does a careful and conservative business and does a fair amount of trade, his sales amounting to some $28,000 or $30,000 in the past year. He has been in business in this city for the last eight years, is widely known and has warm friends.

Ricketts & Co. -This firm, on the east side of the square, has a stock of miscellaneous goods - dry goods, boots and shoes, hats and caps, queen’s-ware, etc. They have done a smooth and steady busi­ness, doing it quietly and unostentatiously, and their annual trade has been about eighteen or twenty thousand dollars. They have been in continuous business under the firm name since 1868. The death of Mr. Joseph Ricketts, a few months ago, led to the closing up of the estate and the discontinuance of business.

J. D. Morris & Co. - This firm occupies a spacious store-room on the east side of the square, built during the last season, and keeps a general line of dry goods, boots and shoes, groceries and queen’s-ware. They take in exchange all kinds of country produce, and their customers come from all over Audrain and many portions of the adjoining counties. They have been in business in Mexico for the last nine years, and their trade is gradually on the increase. They give employment to four men regularly, and their sales for the year crowd hard on $40,000.

Ricketts & Emmons. - A very popular dry goods firm, command­ing one of the largest trades in the city, is that of Ricketts & Emmons, south side of the square. Their assortment includes boots and shoes, lists, gloves, queen’s-ware and groceries. They buy large quantities of farming produce, and estimate the year’s business at $40,000 to $50,000.


Scharlach & Hall. - The firm keeps one of the largest and neatest drug stores in North-east Missouri. They are located on the west side of the square, do a large retail trade with many of our best physicians and families, and have been engaged somewhat during the year in wholesaling to smaller towns. Mr. Scharlach is a skillful druggist, having been educated to that and the profession of physician in Germany, his native land. He has been in his present occupation for the last score and more of years, and for three years in this city. Mr. Hall has been long a resident of Mexico, and for the last year a member of this firm; by intelligent attention to the details of the business he has become proficient. The house is doing, an annual business of $10,000 to $12,000. Their trade is chiefly confined to prescriptions, drugs and toilet articles.

J. F. Llewellyn. - One of the squarest dealers, one of the politest business men of Mexico, is J. F. Llewellyn, druggist - west of the court-house. He has been in the business in this place during the last six years. Twice a sufferer by fire, he was nothing daunted by disaster, and his good nature and popularity never forsook him during those dark days. He is thoroughly educated in his profession. To a full stock of drugs and medicines  he adds paints, oils and window glass, which he makes an important branch of his trade. His busi­ness for 1874 will fall not short of $12,000.

White & Craig. - This firm occupies a prominent store-room on “the Ringo corner” ? ? ? amounting to about $10,000 a year. Mr. White is a graduate of a pharmaceutical institution, and an adept in his profession.  The firm will soon remove to more spacious quarters in Fowles’ new building and make arrangements to increase the extent of its business.

Patterson. - A. M. Patterson, south-east corner public square, keeps a general drug store and deals in paints, oils, glass, etc. He is an experienced physician and druggist and understands his business well. He now owns the proprietary of Reed’s hair dye, and is manufacturing and shipping it quite widely. His sales for 1874 will foot up between $12,000 and $14,000.

P. M. Morris. - This gentleman occupies a neat and commodious store-room slightly away from the business center, on the corner of Promenade and Jefferson streets, and has a mixed stock of drugs, medicines, books, stationery, groceries and fruits. Mr. Morris is familiar with the business wants of Mexico, having been engaged in business here for the last ten years, and is, therefore, one of the oldest merchants in the city. He is a man of scrupulous honesty, exact in his dealings and favorably esteemed. His sales for the past year amount to about $15,000.

E. S. Frost  Co. - This firm keeps a general stock of drugs and medicines on the south-west corner of the square. Mr. Frost was not born in a drug store, but has been in business for the last eleven years (since a mere lad), and understands it thoroughly. The firm is com­posed of courteous gentlemen, who always greet their customers with  smile and make them happy by selling them goods cheap. Their business for 1874 tallies about $6,000 worth.


Gleason. - Mexico has two excellent hardware stores. That of H. W. Gleason, on the west side of the square, is well filled with stoves, tin-ware, hardware, cutlery, and such like, as well as the smaller kinds of agricultural implements. The house has dealt but little during the last year in the heavier class of farming implements. It has sold about 250 stoves and has done 29,924 square feet of tin roofing and 2,000 feet of guttering. Indeed, Mr. Gleason makes roofing, guttering and tin-work a specialty, and keeps the best of mechanics and. builder’s tools. He has supplied most of the builders of Mexico with builder’s hardware, and keeps none but the best of goods in all departments. His sales for the year amount to an even $30,000.

Thomas Gill & Co. - The largest hardware house in any rural city of the West, is undoubtedly this of Thomas Gill & Co., successors to G. D. Ferris. They have a four-story building with large basement, on the east side of the square, filled from the ground to the highest loft with hardware, tin-ware, stoves, queen’s-ware, and agricultural implements. They deal quite largely in the latter class of goods, selling more plows, cultivators, corn planters, reapers, etc., than all other houses in town. They have done considerable wholesaling during the year, having wholesaled in a single month $3,000. worth of goods. They buy their goods largely by car load. They have been occupied in business in our city for the last ten months, but during that time have laid broad and deep the foundation for a large future business. Their average stock on hand is about $18,000, and their sales, wholesale and retail, aggregate the grand total for 1874 of $60,000.

M’Kean. - S. L. M’Kean is the gentlemanly proprietor of a gun-smith shop, on Jefferson street, north of the square. He repairs all kinds of fire-arms and sewing machines, and keeps on sale guns, pistols and ammunition. He does a small but comfortable business, amounting to $2,000 in the past twelve months.


Lupton & Potts. - These gentlemen have a large stock of furniture and cabinet ware, and occupy a handsome store-room on the north-west corner of the square. They buy largely and sell on favorable terms at only a moderate advance. Mr. Lupton has been in business in  Mexico for the last seventeen years, and is widely known and respected. Mr. Potts is a native of Missouri, and one of the first residents of Mexico. They deserve a liberal support in business, and are receiving it to the extent of $12,000 or. $15,000 annually.

W. T. Cardwell. - “ Buck” is a capital fellow, and knows what good furniture is, for he has been all his life a “ workman in wood.” He occupies a large store-room north side of the square, and keeps a full line of upholstery, cabinet ware, coffins, etc. Anything in  his line can be had of him, for he is enterprising, and if he hasn’t got it, will send after it to accommodate a customer. He business is gradually gaining and extending, and aggregates some $12,000 to $15,000 during the year 1874.


Farmers & Traders. -This bank occupies its own building on north side of the square. It has been in business but little over two years. During the last six months the business has increased a full 50 per cent, and its deposits now amount to about $60,000 per month. Its paid up capital is $50,000 and its outstanding loans about $80,000. The bank may now be said to be well established, and doing a profit­able and daily increasing business.

Southern Bank. -This bank was organized in 1869, and the stock-holders have built a handsome bank building east of the courthouse. Its capital stock all paid in is $100,000; its average deposits for the past year amount to something over $40,000 per month, and its loans to $120,000. Its interest and exchange account for 1874 will be $15,000. The taxes paid by this bank this year are $8,200- quite a revenue to the county. The institution is doing a good business, but making little money.

Savings Bank. - This is the oldest banking institution in Mexico, being the legitimate successor of the old Exchange Bank, and under its present name has done business since the 1st of July, 1869. It now has a capital and surplus of $85,000, and its deposits now are $80,000, but this is somewhat above the average. Its loans amount to about $120,000 The bank is well established in the hearts and on the substantial pocket-books of a host of friends, and is promised its due share of future business.


Frank. -Mr. I. Frank, on the west side of the square, keeps a large stock of ready-made clothing, hats and caps and gentlemen’s furnishing goods. He has been in the business circles of Mexico for nearly seven years, and distinguished himself as a fair and honorable dealer. He is a modest man, makes little noise in the world, but has a reputation for keeping a good article of clothing and selling it at fair and just rates. His business for 1874 amounts to a round $15,000.

Phillip. - One of the livest merchants of Mexico is Louis Phillip, the clothier. He is a close buyer and a shrewd salesman, keeps a good stock of excellent goods, and does a large trade. His sales for 1874 amount to between $23,000 and $24,000.  He has been in Mexico for the last half dozen years.


Ryerson. - A. F. Ryerson has a handsome and excellent stock at his sales-room, north side of the square, second story. He manufactures largely and uses none but the very best material. His goods have attained a favorable reputation in all parts of Audrain and adjoining counties; the Ryerson horse collar, especially, has given the best of satisfaction and is in universal demand. Mr. Ryerson has been in business here for about five years, and his sales amount to some $6,000 or $8,000 per annum.

Pasqueth. - The oldest business house in Mexico is James Pas­queth - dealer in harness, saddles, trunks, whips, etc. - on east side of the square, he having been in business here for the last 25 years. It may with truth be said that he has made most of the sets of harness ever used within a circuit of 25 miles of Mexico, and scarcely a com­plaint was ever made of inferior quality or deception in any particular. He is an industrious, frugal, reliable mechanic and merchant, employs about four men continually, and has sold $10,000 worth during the last year.


Mrs. Shootman - On north-east corner of the square, does the leading millinery and dress-making business in the city. She has spacious rooms and a fine stock of all kinds of notions for ladies’ and children’s wear, from a necktie to a pattern for a baby’s bib. She is also agent for Madame Demorest’s patterns, and does a thriving business in the line of stylish dress-making. Mrs. Shootman has been engaged in this department of business for the last eleven years, and her annual sales amount to $3,000.

Mrs. Harding - Is an experienced milliner, one of the tastiest and most fashionable in Mexico, and occupies a modest suite of rooms on north side of public square. She has been occupied in the business in this city for the last seven years, has built up a handsome trade, and always gives the highest degree of satisfaction to her customers. She keeps a select stock of millinery goods, notions, hair goods and ladies toilet articles, and estimates her trade at $2,500 for the past year.

Mrs. Scott, Guy and Mountfort - Do a millinery business in the West & Kabrich building, second story, but have been engaged in it only a few weeks. Their prospects for trade are fair.

Mrs. Rodman - Has millinery rooms over Mr. Martin’s store, and has been in business since last spring. She employs one assistant, and her trade will fall not far short of $1,500 a year.

Mrs. Maupin - Over Ricketts & Emmons’, does a general millinery business, keeps a small but select stock of goods, employs one assist­ant, and her business amounts to about $1,000 in the year.

Mrs. Carroll -Has a neat millinery and dress-making establishment near the north-east corner of the square, is admitted to be a lady of excellent taste, and does a fair proportion of the trade in her line; without definite figures, we presume it does not fall short of $2,000 a year.


Mexico boasts of one good book and stationery store - that of Sallee & Brooks, south side of the square. They keep a full line of school books, blank books, stationery, wall paper, picture frames and a fine circulating library. The proprietors are affable young gentle­men, and they do a pleasant trade, aggregating about $10,000 or $12,000 in the year just closing.


Beck. - The handsomest, gaudiest jewelry store in Mexico. is the old and popular one of James H. Beck, in the Morris & Cauthorn building. Mr. Beck has been in business here for thirteen successive years, and has all this time done a prosperous trade. He keeps a large assortment of goods in his line, and his recommendations as to quality are always to be depended on. His sales during 1874 amount to $9,000.

M‘Intyre. - Mr. W. B. McIntyre occupies cosy quarters in the elegant store-room at the “Ringo-corner,” and keeps a full assortment of jewelry, clocks, watches and silver ware. He employs none but competent workmen, is said to sell goods cheap, and is doing a fair share of the business in his line. He has been in our city for only 5 year, but has laid the basis of a large future trade.

Pilcher. - Mark Pilcher, south side of the square, keeps a large varied assortment of jewelry, silver ware, clocks, watches, etc., and has lately been adding a stock of chromos. He is a good mechanic, a young man of much business energy, and is bound to succeed. His sales for the year just closing are $9,000.


Dearing. - Mr. J. W. Dearing has been engaged in the business of making and repairing wagons in Mexico for the last fourteen  years. During 1874 he has done little new work, his time being more profit­ably employed on repairs. He moderately estimates his income from this source at $25 a week, about $1,200 per year. He is known to be a most faithful gentleman and entitled to the fullest confidence as a man and mechanic.

Nelson & Quisenberry. - This firm were engaged in the manufacture of lumber wagons at the Tincher shops, in this city, for about four months during the last half year. They employed principally hand-power, and made fifty wagons, worth $3,000. Tincher & Co. were engaged in making and repairing prior to that, and the total value of work done during 1874 is estimated to be $5,000.

Reily & Burkhart  - Are engaged exclusively in the manufacture of buggies and spring wagons. They have made about fifty during the year, at a value of $8,000. They do nothing but good work, and are making a good reputation for it.


William Lee & Son - Near the depots, sell on an average a car load of lumber a week; this, sold at an estimated price of $160 per load, would make their trade for 1874 amount to a round $8,000. These gentlemen have been in the lumber business in Mexico for the last ten years, and prior to the days when mechanics went to St. Louis and Louisiana to purchase their material for building purposes, did a much larger and more remunerative business than now.

Coatsworth & Co. - This firm does the most extensive lumber business in Mexico, and carries the heaviest stock of any yard be­tween St. Louis and Kansas City. Their aggregate sales for the last year amount to $47,000. Their trade extends for a large distance in all directions from Mexico, and their sales this year have been chiefly for country improvements.

Josiah Wright -Does a very pleasant and comfortable trade in lumber and lime, at his yards south of the railroad. A careful and neat calculation of his business foots up sales for 1874 to a little over $16,000.


Woodroof & Dunn -Have a neat shop on the corner of Jefferson and Promenade streets. They have been here since May, and are doing a fair business. The income from their trade will aggregate at least $3,000 during the year.

Watkins. - The most fashionable, barber shops in the city are those of S. Watkins, on Washington street, south of the square. Watkins has cut the hair and shaved the faces of our people for the last five years, and has done it in such a familiar and genteel way that they have come to like him, and his services are in great demand. He employs two or three other skilled mechanics and as many lackeys, and does a business amounting to $5,000 a year.


Mr. John Sontag - On the west side of the square, keeps the largest assortment of candies, confectionery, toys, etc., in the city. He also runs a bakery and restaurant, the latter conducted on the European plan. He has been in business in Mexico for the last three years, bus been liberally patronized by all classes, and is recognized as a sagacious business man. His sales amount, by actual calculation, to $25 per day on the average, amounting to the gross sum of $9,125 per year.

Weinant. - The oldest bakery and confectionery in the town is Charles Weinant’s, south side of the square. He occupies a relic of the earlier times, what thirty years ago was the old log court-house and jail of Audrain county, but by dint of economy has succeeded in amassing means in this unpretentious though romantic business house, and now does a trade of about $5,000 per annum.

Dr. McSchooler. - This gentleman keeps a small confectionery and notion store south of the court-house. He manufactures many of his candies and they find a ready sale. He modestly estimates his busi­ness for the year at $1,500.


Kellogg & Goodell - Have been engaged for something more than a year in the manufacture of family soaps. Already their trade extends throughout North Missouri, and in the year past their business amounted to $10,000, which might readily be extended to three or five times that sum.


John R. Luckie - Has sold during the year about 25 of the Howe machines, worth $2,000.

J. B. Campbell - Has sold. of the Singer machines about 100, amounting to $8,000.


C. W. Baker - Over the Farmers and Traders Bank, does the leading insurance business. He represents twelve sterling fire and two substantial life companies. He has been in business in Mexico for over three years, and he annually collects the sum of about $10,000 for premiums on insurance done throughout the county. His business is in every way prosperous and satisfactory to his patrons. Mr. Baker also does considerable in .the real estate line, having negotiated quite a number of sales in the past year, notwithstanding the exceedingly slow times.

John P Clark. - The oldest real estate agency in Mexico and North-east Missouri is that of John P. Clark. It is widely known and bears an excellent reputation. This review will not permit us to speak as fully as it deserves of its merits and advantages to Audrain county. The last year has been a dull one in this line, but his sales have amounted to $65,000; he has paid taxes for 200 non-residents, amounting to $10,000, and has made collections amounting to $7,500.

John P. Clark & Bro. - Loan agents and commission dealers, have negotiated loans of Eastern and local funds, in the sum of $80,000, and their Saturday stock sales have aggregated $65,000.

Shea  Melbourne - Represent a strong list of fire and life insurance companies, and do an extensive business in this and adjoining coun­ties. Their premiums on fire risks amount to about $8,500, and they have done a large life business as well as effected quite a number of real estate sales.


Mitchell. - P. S. Mitchell, east side of the square, conducts the duly regular boot and shoe store in the city. He keeps a large assortment of goods in his line, as also a fine stock of hats, caps and gloves. He employs half a dozen men constantly in his manufactory and repair shops, uses none but reliable material, and sends out a No. 1 class of work. He has been in business in our city for more than three years, has encountered unusual opposition, but by great energy and determination has succeeded in building up a trade which, in the year just closing, amounts to $30,000.

Hablutzel. - George Hablutzel is one of the most honest and faith­ful shoe-makers ever born. He may he relied on in all his recommen­dations, and is punctual to an engagement - and this is not what all shoe-makers get credit for. He does a good business with one assistant, his work amounting to $2,000 this year.

George Runkler -Practical boot and shoe-maker, over Frost & Co.’s store, makes good boots, and does a business amounting to $1,500 a year.

Corder Bros. -Have lately closed, but their manufactures and sales during the year would reach $5,000.


Woodland & Kemper. - These gentlemen occupy a good brick meat market on the west of the square, where everything is kept in neat and tidy order, both winter and summer. They average about one beef a day, besides the hogs and sheep which they slaughter. They have been in business for eight months, and at the correspond­ing rate for the whole year their income would amount to $8,000.

Holt & Co. - These men, at their meat market on Jefferson street, fairly divide with other butchers of the city the trade in this line. They make a practice of buying the very best animals the country affords, and not only supply the local want for fresh meats, but ship considerable on the railroads to other country towns. Their sales for the year foot up $8,000.


Schuhmacher. -Mr. John Schuhmacher keeps, on the west side of the square, one of the first restaurants started in Mexico. He has now been engaged in the business over seven years, and has always been favored by a liberal patronage. He supplies meals to order, and keeps a limited number of regular boarders and lodgers. He also deals in candies, nuts, tobacco and cigars, and his income for the last year has been $3,000.

Hickerson. - Mr. S. L. Hickerson keeps a restaurant and boarding-­house near the depot, and estimates the income from his business at $8,000 a year.

Mrs. McSchooler - Is the proprietress of a dining hall, at “Reed’s corner;” she has a considerable list of regular boarders and many tran­sient guests, sets a satisfactory table, and has an income of about $100 a week, or $5,000 a year.

DeJarnett - At the depot, keeps a restaurant and beer and wine sa­loon, and does  considerable transient trade, estimated at $8,000 during the year.


Mexico has but two saloons, and if fewness in number is any crite­rion of a city’s morality; Mexico occupies a praisworthy position in comparison with most other cities of Missouri. We have reason, also, to be proud of the more than usually respectable character of these saloons.

Robert S. Steele - Is the proprietor of a small saloon on Jefferson street, south of the Ringo House; he keeps good order, allows no broils, and does a traffic amounting to $175 per week, or $8,000 a year.

Mr. Ed. Rines - Is the proprietor of a well-ordered and rather fash­ionable saloon and billiard hall in the Ringo building. H is him­self a man of strictly temperate habits, permits no drunken loungers about his place does not allow excessive drinking by any classes, and never sells to minors. His trade will not fall short of 9,000 this year.


Mexico has only one cigar manufactory - that of George Sutter - near south-west corner square. He manufactures on quite a liberal scale, employing three men, makes an excellent quality of cigar and his sales extend to all surrounding towns.  During 1874 he has made 77,000 cigars - of the value of $3,000.


.Dillard & Field. - This firm has made 500 plows during the year, and done other work, such as repairing machines, blacksmithing, and so forth, amounting to $10,000.


Thomas Hughes & Co.- Occupy a shop at the corner of Promenade and Washington streets, and do a lively business in horse shoeing, repairing of wagons, and so forth. They have made but few new wagons during the year. Mr. Hughes is recognized as a skillful smith and has all the work he and one man can well manage. Their business has amounted to about sixty dollars per week during the last year-in the aggregate, $3,000.

Armstrong & Co. - R. N. Armstrong, on Jefferson street, north of the square, is acknowledged to be a good blacksmith and horse-shoer, and is generally crowded with customers. He employs one assistant, and his business for the year just closing sums up $2,500.


Hunt & Co. - Have lately moved to this city and opened a merchant tailoring establishment on the post-office corner. They appear to be gentlemen who well understand their business and will doubtless do well, though their sales do not justify any present prediction as to amount.

One of the best and most approved tailors in the city is T. J. Mil­dred. He is located with Johnson & Maddox, has been giving em­ployment to five hands much of the time and his income for the year will be $2,000.

Jones & Locke -Are doing the largest merchant tailoring business in Mexico, their trade for the three months they have been in business amounting to $4,500. The firm of Coil & Locke, in the six months prior to that, did a business of $5,000.


L. D. Shippee - Of this city, is engaged more extensively than any one else in the nursery business, growing most of his own trees and vines. He is also the proprietor of a handsome greenhouse where ho propagates most of the popular plants and flowers. His sales for the past year, under the financial pressure, have not been as large as usual, but amount to $5,000.

B.   D. Alexander -Owns a small nursery and green-house in the west part of the city, and gives careful and intelligent attention to his business. His sales of trees, plants and flowers, must amount to about $2,000 in a year.


Mr. T. Carter -Keeps the only legitimate produce store in the city. He buys strictly for cash, and deals in hides, furs, butter, eggs, poul­try, etc. He has shipped about 40,000 dozen eggs this fall, 6,000 pounds of butter and 40,000 pounds of poultry. He pays the express company, for shipping poultry alone, an average of $500 a month for the winter. His total sales since the 1st of June last amount to $39,800.


Mr. E. D. Graham - Has, for the last eight years, conducted the only photographic establishment in this city. And he has really met all demands, for he has made first-class pictures and always pleased the people. His business has always been good, and in the last year amounts to $3,000.


C.  A. Samuel - Keeps the only wholesale liquor house in the city. He is a very polite and affable gentleman, and does a considerable trade throughout the north part of the State. His liquors are admitted to be pure and his brands reliable. His sales amount to $12,000 for 1874.


Rock Spring Dairy - Owned by John P. Clark and under the super­intendency of L. H. Hightshee, has been gaining in public favor, and the sales of milk for the past year foot up $2,000.

Henry Kunkle  - Conducts a small dairy in East Mexico, his sales of milk amounting to $1,200.


John H. Martin - Has for some time kept the only marble shop in Mexico. He is usually kept very busy, employs one assistant, and his trade for the past year has amounted to a little less than $2,000. He is an experienced workman and turns out a very satisfactory job.


Ribble & Poteet - Keep the only store doing trade in this material, though plasterers and lumbermen engage somewhat in its sale. During the year they have sold 500 barrels of lime and 200 bushels of hair, amounting to $1,000.


Time and space will not permit an extended boast of Mexico’s merchant flouring mills. Suffice it to say, they are appreciated, do a prosperous business, and their sales for the year foot up $80,000.


We boast of one woolen mill - and that is as good as a dozen of some other kinds. It is popular with the masses, is wonderfully accommodating in its manner of business, and though idle four months for want of water, has done from $25,000 to $30,000 worth of trade in the year.


The largest, and, in fact, the only regular hide, fur and wool house in Mexico, is that of S. Simpson, on Washington street, south of the square. He is a large buyer and very successful dealer, his business for the year amounting to $45,000.


White’s livery and feed stables have done a business during the year amounting to $8,000.

Wallace’s stables under him and his predecessors, $6,000 a year.


W. W. Rodgers, adjoining P. M. Morris’ store, deals in fresh fish, oysters, tobacco and cigars, his trade amounting to $2,500.

M. Goode, dealer in reapers and mowers, has sold during the year about $6,000 worth.

Mexico has three newspapers and job offices; doing an average busi­ness of about $5,000 each.

No inland city has hotels superior to ours. The Martin House and the Ringo House are both kept in a first-class manner, and the bus­iness of both must amount to near $25,000 annually.


The freight business of Mexico for the last year is really enormous, and a brief summing up of the same gives a conclusive view of our importance as a commercial and shipping center.

There has been forwarded from here, by the St. Louis, Kansas City and Northern Railway, 240 cars of live stock, 150 cars of hay, and 1,500,000 pounds of mixed freights - say 75 car loads; by the Chicago and Alton Railroad, 850 cars of live stock for Mexico proper, and 5,461,814 pounds of mixed freight -280 car loads.

There has been received by the St. Louis, Kansas City and North­ern, from the Chicago and Alton, 70,100,000 pounds of merchandise, chiefly lumber, or 8,500 car loads, and 165 cars of live stock.

There has been received by the St. Louis, Kansas City and North­ern, for Mexico proper, 5,500,000 pounds of merchandise, equal to 275 car loads, and it has delivered to the Chicago and Alton 2,250 cars of live stock, 100 cars of barreled pork, and 9,000,000 pounds -450 oar loads- of miscellaneous freights. The Chicago and Alton has received for Mexico 7,471,698 pounds of mixed freights -equal to 380 car loads.


The bay trade of Mexico, for the past year, is no inconsiderable item; not less than 150 car loads have been shipped to St. Louis, and at an average of twelve tons to a load, the amount is 1,800 tons. Of this, Hayden & Bliven have shipped 1,500 tons, James H. Shell 150 tons, John Armstead 75 tons and J. N. Allen 100 tons. The cost of bailing, added to the purchase price, makes this hay coat at least $14 per ton on the cars - an aggregate value of $25,000.


Messrs. Mills & Jenkins made at their yard this year 587,000 brick.

Mr. Andrew Harrison made about 1,000,000, S. W. Bickley 600,000, and Warren Fowles 400,000, making a grand total of 2,587,000 brick, worth over $18,000.


An approximate calculation of the amount of coal sold in this town during the last year places it at 55,000 bushels, worth at least $8,000. Most of this is brought in from the country about Mexico.


There has been but one packing house doing business in Mexico for the past season, that of Jones, Price & Co. They have slaughtered about 1,000 head of hogs, worth about $13,000.

Of the business firms above named, which at that time numbered about one hundred, about 40 per cent have gone out of business, including the deaths, and quite a number have changed into other lines of trade. And yet there have been but five failures - five per­sons were closed up by their creditors - while two or three have sold out to prevent failures, and one or two have compromised with their creditors at less than their original debt.


The following business exhibit, prepared with much care in 1881, and showing the number of men and firms in each line of local busi­ness, with the total amount of their yearly transactions, will very closely approximate the value of annual traffic and industry in this driving city, now (January 1, 1884.)

Aggregate Sales.

Ten dry goods                                                                                                      $334,000

Twenty-one groceries and provisions      357,500

Four clothing and furnishing                  120,000

One boot and shoe                                25,000

Four hardware, stoves, tin-ware, farm machinery, wagons, etc.     165,000

Six drugs and sundries                            68,500

Eleven millinery and fancy goods               41,000

Three notions                                        24,500

Two merchant tailoring                            14,600

Two furniture                                         36,000

Three jewelry, silver ware, musical merchandise   20,000

Four sewing machines                                8,300

Seven confectioneries, bakeries and restaurants 16,000

Two photographs .                    3,500

Three marble works                  11,000

Three grain, hay and seed        345,000


Aggregate Sales.

One butter, egg and poultry                                        25,000

Three hides, pelts, furs, wool, etc.                               25,000

One woolen factory, 20,000 lbs wool consumed               90,000

One pottery, output 75,000 gallons                               5,250

One broom factory                                                      2,500

Three meat markets                                                  60,000

Three brick yards, output, 2,750,000                            22,000

Seven blacksmithing, carriage making, etc.                     20,400

Three milk dealers                                                      8,500

Four harness and saddlery                                          29,000  

One book and stationery                                            10,000

Three cigar factories and tobacconists                         27,000

Five boot and shoe shops                                           5,500

Two flouring mills                                                     160,000

Three lumber dealers                                                135,000

Five livery, feed and sale stables, 62 horses                   28,500

One soap factory                                                        3,000

Three green-houses, market gardens, etc.                       4,500

Ten stock dealers and shippers (550 car loads shipped)    660,000

Two ice dealers                                                          12,000

Four coal dealers                                                        15,000

Two oil merchants                                                        7,500

                Total value of sales                               $2,945,550

 The amount paid for mechanical labor by builders and contractors of the city is about as follows: -


                No. firms.                Men Employed.                salaries.

Contractors and builders              8                           30                            $15,000

Jobbing painters                         2                            7                              3,200

Master masons                          3                            6                              3,600

Master bricklayers                      1                            8                              4,000

                Total yearly salaries                                                                 $25,800


There are a half dozen minor interests not included in the above statement. Besides these are the pork-packing, printing, hotel and other important local interests, upon which we have too little data to base an estimate.


John Allen, carpenter; Nathaniel Allison, physician; Samuel Ap­gar, proprietor Metropolitan hotel; Rev. J. C. Armstrong, D. D. (Baptist); Robert N. Armstrong, blacksmith; Audrain County Press, J. N. Cross, publisher; Charles W. Baker, real estate, loan and insurance agency; First National Bank, Robert W. Tureman, president, Robert R. Arnold, cashier; Baker & Howell (Charles W. Baker, John W. Howell, abstracts; Rev. W. G. Barger (Chris­tian); Bassford & Tucker (J. C. Bassford and J. D. Tucker), real estate; J. & V. Barth (Joseph and Victor), clothing; Thomas J. Baskett, physician; John W. Beatty, county assessor; Mrs. Annie E. Beck, dress-maker; James H. Beck, watch-maker; William R. Beck, jeweler; Samuel W. Bickley, brick manufacturer, lawyer, real estate and insurance agent; Bickley & Moore (John H. Bickley, Joseph E. Moore), grocers; G. Blum & Co. (Gabriel Blum, Julius David), clothing; Morris Blum, dry goods; Thomas Board & Co. (Thomas Board, Austin B. Smith), grocers; Joseph B. Botkin, mayor; J. C. Botts, fancy dry goods; Mrs. Hattie A. Bourne, notions; John R. Brigg, harness-maker; Charles Brandiff, billiards; Patrick Brophy, cigar manufacturer; Thomas B. Buckner, lawyer and prosecuting attorney; Jonas Burk, poultry; Lizzie Burnett, agent Western Union Telegraph Company; James M. Bush, grocer; Mrs. G. Carroll, mil­linery; R. C. Carter, judge western district county; Central Ringo Hotel, Thorne & Buckner, proprietors; David H. Chase, proprietor saw-mill, manufacturer of broom and ax handles and tent pins; Clacher & Ruloff (James Clacher, Jacob Ruloff), hardware; J. P. Clark & Son (John P. and John M.), real estate, loans and insurance; George H. Clark, auctioneer; Augustus B. Cluster, lawyer; T. D. Coates, livery; Coatsworth & Co. (Ralph and Frank Coats­worth), lumber; Bayless Collins,. saloon; Milton M. Conger, flour mill; S. S. Craig & Co. (Samuel S. Craig, Charles J. Craig), drugs; J. H. Crawford & Co., grocers  J. Newton Cross, publisher Audrain County Press; William W. Culbertson, grocer; Emmet R. Cunningham, livery, feed and sale stable, and stock yard; James W. Daniel, lawyer and real estate; Mrs. Henry W. DeJarnett, milliner; Presley L. DeJarnett, restaurant; Frank Delaplane, rail­road agent; Joseph R. Dewitt, Star restaurant; Dobyns & Gibbs (Ben. Dobyns and Renfro Gibbs), drugs; Shelby M. Dodson, physician; A. J. Douglass, presiding justice of county court; .Wm. R. Drake, restaurant ; M. Y. Duncan, lawyer ; Dunn & Woodroof (Samuel A. Dunn, Edmond T. Woodroof),barbers; Samuel M. Edwards, judge of probate court; A. B. Elliott, saddle-maker; Mrs. Carrie B. Ferguson, milliner; Ferris House, E. L. ford, proprietor; Lyman B. Fetter, jeweler; First National Bank, R.. W. Tureman, president, J. M. Coon, vice-president, R.. B. Arnold, cashier, H. B. Cauthorn, assistant cashier; Forrist & Fry (William O. Forrist, William W. Fry), law­yers; Richard H. Fowler, grocer; Washington Fowles, saw mill, three miles east; Isaac Frank, clothing; Herman Franke, shoe-maker; Pinckney French, physician; French & McDearmon (Pinckney French, James B. McDearmon), drugs; French & Walker (Pinckney French, Wellington V. Walker), physicians; William L. Frost, grocer; John M. Fullington, proprietor Jones Hotel; Mrs. L. C. Gallo­way, proprietor Summit House; Mrs. Louisa Gardner, music teacher; A. E. Garrett, painter; Garrett & Bro. (Thomas O. and Ernest), restaurant; H. A. Gass, school superintendent; David T. Gentry, lawyer;. Gill & Garrett (Thomas M. and Richard W. Gill, James Garrett), hardware; Joseph A. Glandon, express agent; Rev. T. J. Gooch (Methodist S.); Alexander Goode, proprietor Goode House; John M. Gordon, lawyer; M. Gorth, harness-maker; John Gough, merchant tailor; Richard Graham, photographer; Greenamyer Bros. (Charles B. and Joseph A.), cigars and tobacco; Gregg & Tomlinson (William Gregg, E. Tomlinson), restaurant; H. L. Greer & Co., lum­ber; Griffer Bros. (James, Frank, Charles R.), boots and shoes; Jo­seph Griffen, manufacturer of hosiery; Miss Eva Griffin, dress-maker; Stockton L. Griffin, manager Mutual Union Telegraph Company; E. L. Grigsby, judge; George Hablutzel, shoe-maker; Hamilton Hall, druggist; Ira Hall, lawyer; Mrs. Mary J. Harding, milliner; Pyrrhus W. Harding, grocer; Andrew M. Harrison, brick yard; Harper Turner (Warren W. Harper, Albert G. Turner), dry goods; Hayden Gregg (J. H. Hayden and John Gregg), real estate; James G. Head, photographer; Mrs. Joseph A. Henderson, milliner; John H. Hill, school teacher; Mrs. W. F. Hinze, furniture and under­taker; Hisey & James (Rufus Hisey, John B. James), grain and produce; Hisey, James & Gregory, Mexico pork-packing house; Orlando Hitt, lawyer; Rev. W. H. Hook, Christian church; Enoch Hoo­ten, ex-justice of the peace; Houston .& Trimble (Algernon S. Houston, Joseph W. Trimble), lumber; John C. Huff, general store; Hurd Brothers (Arnold E. and Dauphin B.), livery and feed stable; John E. Hutton, editor and proprietor Mexico Intelligencer; A. D. Jackson & Co., grocers; Jacobson & Blum (Herman Jacobson, Jacob Blum), proprietors Windsor Hotel; Rev. John Jeffries, colored Methodist; F. M. Johns, building contractor; Jones Hotel, J. M. Fullington, proprietor; George Kabrich, dry goods; Gustav Keen, harness-maker; P. F. Kelly, county sexton; William Kemper, meat market; Kennan, William H., lawyer; J. M.  Koontz &Co.,  “Our Electric Wonder;” C. C. Koeppen, jewelry; Lakenan & Barnes (Joseph G. Lakenan, Adam C. Barnes), real estate; John H. Lane, meat market; Rev. J. E. Lee, Baptist; Dr. William H. Lee, physician and county coroner; William J. Lemp, Herbert Schmidt, manager, lager beer; Rev. W. H. Lewis, M. E. Church South; John F.: Llewellyn, drugs; Benjamin L. Locke, county clerk; S M. Locke, treasurer; Andrew K. Luckie, marble; Mrs. Bettie Luckie, dress-maker; Luckie & Nettle, (Joseph W. Luckie, John T. Neal, dentists; H. C. McFall, physician; D. H. McIntyre, attorney-general; Warren B. McIntyre, lawyer and sur­veyor; McIntyre & Harrison, billiards; Samuel L. McKean, gun-smith; John McKinley, baker and restaurant; McLaren & McKinley (Alexander McLaren, John McKinley)., bakers; James F. McWill­iams, dentist; Macfarlane & Trimble, (George B. Macfarlane, John McD. Trimble), lawyers; John M. Menefee, furniture; Metropolitan Hotel, Samuel Apgar, proprietor; Mexico City Flouring Mills, William Pollack & Co., proprietors; Mexico Intelligencer, John E. Hutton, editor and proprietor; Mexico Iron Foundry, incorporated; Mexico Ledger, R. M. White, proprietor; Mexico Savings Batik, Will­iam Stuart, president, John M. Marmaduke, cashier; Mexico South­ern Bank, Ex-Governor Charles H. Hardin, president; Hiram A. Ricketts, cashier, B. Callaway, assistant cashier; Thomas F. Roden, grocer; Joseph P. Morris, dry goods; Samuel Morris, hides; William A. Morris, grocer; Charles B. Morris, jewelry; Edward Murdock, barber; Joseph Murray, city marshal; Murray & Son, (Joseph Mur­ray & Son), tailors; J. T. Nelson, collector county taxes; Philip P. Nicholas, wagon-maker; Garret B. Null, grocer; Opera House, George Kabrick, proprietor, A. G. Armstrong, manager; Dennis O’Cal­lagham, saloon; Ogle & Rolling, boots and shoes; John W. Pallard, colored, barber; James Pasqueth, harness-maker; R. I. Patterson, bakery; Andrew M. Patterson, drugs; William I. Paul & Co., grocers; Paul & Jackson (Robert C. Paul, Abram P. Jackson), grocers; Luther M. Pease, general store; Louis Phillip, clothing; Rev. J. E. Pierce (Baptist); Mark Pilcher, jeweler; William C. Pipino, physician; William Pollock, miller; William Pollock & Co. (William Pollock and Thomas B. Hitt),flour mill; Warner K. Potts, ice business; Henry Precht, upholsterer; James W. Pratt, horse-shoer; Colby T. Quisenberry, horses and mules; Joseph W. Ragsdale, harness-maker; William L. Reed, dentist; William F. Reed, dry goods; Ricketts & Emmons (Hiram A. Ricketts, St. Clair P. Emmons), general store; Edward Rines, saloon; Ringo Bros. (Burt and - Ringo), hardware; George Robertson, lawyer and public administrator; Robinson & Spence (R. M. Robinson and J. A. Spence), grocers; William R.. Rhodes, physician; William W. Rodgers, grocer and fish market; C. D. Rogers, county surveyor; Mrs. Harriet L. Rodman, milliner; William W. Rodman, physician;  Thomas P. Rothwell, physician; John H. Runkel, meat market; George M. Runkle, shoe-maker; Samuel N. Russell, physician; Sallee & Brooks (James N. Sallee, Henry T. Brooks), book-sellers; John Saunders, postmaster; Michael W. Schefftel, confectioner; John Schuhmacher, restaurant; Daniel E. Shea, real estate; Lorenzo D. Shippee, florist and nurseryman; E. A. Shootman & Co. (Eliza A. Shootman, Mrs. Chalmers H. Green), milliners; T. B. Shootman, weigher; Isaac Sinclair, physician; Dan­iel Sinnott, sewing machines; Rev. J. F. Smith (Baptist); Logan P. Smothers, drugs; John Sontag, dry goods; A. J. Stacey, night watchman; John J. Steele, circuit clerk; R. S. Steele, insurance; Rev. Wm. Stoddert, (Presbyterian); Summit House, L. C. Galloway, proprietor; Thomas & Gamble, carriage factory; B. F. Tom­linson, clerk and recorder; David Tomlinson, shoe-maker; James Tomlinson, constable; Thomas E. Torreyson, recorder of deeds; A. G. Turner, county treasurer; Orange R.. Waite, agent Chicago and Alton Railroad; Rev. A. C. Walker (Christian); Samuel W. Watkins (colored), barber; T. B. Warford, street commissioner; Rev. John Wayman (Methodist Episcopal); - Weimer, cigars; Robert M. White, proprietor Mexico Ledger; A. A. White, pro­prietor Perry hack line; Silas Wilson, abstracts of title; Windsor Hotel, Jacobson & Blum, proprietors; Winegard & Willis (David Winegard and - Willis), grocers; D. D. Woodward, sheriff; W. H. Woodward & Son (William H. and Henry F.), real estate; Josiah Wright, lumber; J. J. Winscott, justice of the peace; C. F. Yerger, grocer.